The role of eyespots as anti‐predator mechanisms, principally demonstrated in the Lepidoptera

@article{Stevens2005TheRO,
  title={The role of eyespots as anti‐predator mechanisms, principally demonstrated in the Lepidoptera},
  author={M. Stevens},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
  year={2005},
  volume={80}
}
  • M. Stevens
  • Published 2005
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Biological Reviews
Eyespots are found in a variety of animals, in particular lepidopterans. The role of eyespots as antipredator mechanisms has been discussed since the 19th Century, with two main hypotheses invoked to explain their occurrence. The first is that large, centrally located eyespots intimidate predators by resembling the eyes of the predators’ own enemies; the second, though not necessarily conflicting, hypothesis is that small, peripherally located eyespots function as markers to deflect the attacks… Expand
178 Citations
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