The role of expectations and attributions in the alleviation of learned helplessness.

  title={The role of expectations and attributions in the alleviation of learned helplessness.},
  author={Carol S. Dweck},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  • C. Dweck
  • Published 1 April 1975
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
The purpose of the investigation was to determine whether altering attributions for failure would enable learned helpless children to deal more effectively with failure in an experimental problem-solving situation. Twelve children with extreme reactions to failure were identified and were given intensive, relatively long-term experience with one of two training procedures. It was hypothesized that a procedure which taught the helpless children to take responsibility for failure and to attribute… 

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