The role of carbonic anhydrases in renal physiology.

@article{Purkerson2007TheRO,
  title={The role of carbonic anhydrases in renal physiology.},
  author={Jeffrey M. Purkerson and George J. Schwartz},
  journal={Kidney international},
  year={2007},
  volume={71 2},
  pages={103-15}
}
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) catalyzes the reversible hydration of CO(2). CA is expressed in most segments of the kidney. CAII and CAIV predominate in human and rabbit kidneys; in rodent kidneys, CAXII, and CAXIV are also present. CAIX is expressed by renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Most of these isoforms, except for rodent CAIV, have high turnover rates. CAII is a cytoplasmic enzyme, whereas the others are membrane-associated; CAIV is anchored by glycosylphosphatidylinositol linkage. Membrane polarity… CONTINUE READING
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