The role of a relative age effect in the first winter Youth Olympic Games in 2012

@article{Raschner2012TheRO,
  title={The role of a relative age effect in the first winter Youth Olympic Games in 2012},
  author={Christian Raschner and Lisa M{\"u}ller and Carolin Hildebrandt},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2012},
  volume={46},
  pages={1038 - 1043}
}
Background Owing to the separation into age groups at the first winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG), athletes differed in age by up to two years, leading to a potential relative age effect (RAE). Objective The purpose of this study was to define the role of the RAE in the first winter YOG with regard to sex, type of sport and performance. Methods The birth dates and anthropometric data of all 1021 athletes (557 male, 464 female, 14–19 years old) participating in 15 sports were analysed. A χ2 test… 

Relative age effect on olympic triathlon athletes

ABSTRACT Introduction: In sports contested by age categories, it is believed that young people born in the first months of the year show advantages because they are a few months more mature than

INFLUENCE OF THE RELATIVE AGE EFFECT ON HEIGHT, MOTOR PERFORMANCE AND TECHNICAL ELEMENTS OF OLYMPIC VOLLEYBALL ATHLETES

ABSTRACT Introduction The Relative Age Effect (RAE) refers to the chronological age difference that occurs between athletes of the same age category, which can benefit individuals born in the first

The Role of a Relative Age Effect in the 12th Winter European Youth Olympic Festival in 2015

Relative age had a strong influence on participation in strength- and endurance-related sports as well as on performance in the 12th Winter European Youth Olympic Festival 2015.

INFLUENCE OF THE RELATIVE AGE EFFECT ON HEIGHT, MOTOR PERFORMANCE AND TECHNICAL ELEMENTS OF OLYMPIC VOLLEYBALL ATHLETES

Introduction: The Relative Age Effect (RAE) refers to the chronological age difference that occurs between athletes of the same age category, which can benefit individuals born in the first two

Did the Relative Age Effect Change Over a Decade in Elite Youth Ski Racing?

Assessment of the magnitude of the RAE in youth ski racers aged 10–14 years has changed during the last decade by comparing the periods 2005–2009 and 2015–2019 indicated no change, emphasizing the robust nature of this phenomenon.

The Relative Age Effect in Spanish Female Soccer Players. Influence of the Competitive Level and a Playing Position

In the current structure of Spanish female soccer there is a relative age effect, probably due to the early processes of talent identification, and at some playing positions the birth-date distributions were significantly biased.

The relative age effect and the influence on performance in youth alpine ski racing.

This study demonstrated that the RAE poses a problem as early as the youngest level of youth ski racing, thereby indicating that many young talented kids are discriminated against, diminishing any chance they might have of becoming elite athletes despite their talents and efforts.

Relative age effects in Swiss talent development – a nationwide analysis of all sports

Investigation of relative age effects across all sports of the national Swiss talent development programme (STDP) found that RAE are evident for both sexes in several sports with popular sports showing higher RAE.

The relative age effect in German 11- to 18-year-old male and female swimmers

The impact of negative outcomes from RAE appears to be greater among German age group swimmers, compared to previous reports on Australian as well as Portuguese cohorts, because the RAE was prevalent over a longer time period.

Influential Factors on the Relative Age Effect in Alpine Ski Racing

The results suggest that ski racers born in the last quarter can counteract the relative age disadvantages if they already present the same level of physical performance and maturational status as those born at the beginning of the year.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES

The prevalence, influential factors and mechanisms of relative age effects in UK Rugby League

Findings clearly demonstrate that RAEs exist throughout Rugby League with early selection, performance level and retention processes, appearing to be key contributing factors responsible for RAE persistence.

Is there an influence of relative age on participation in non-physical sports activities? The example of shooting sports

A relative age effect was not found for the girls, showing that in female shooting sports there is no such effect, and a uniform distribution of dropout is shown for the boys and girls.

Relative age effect in youth soccer: analysis of the FIFA U17 World Cup competition

  • J. Williams
  • Economics
    Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
  • 2010
The results of this investigation show that at the highest level of youth soccer, there is a strong bias toward inclusion of players born early in the selection year, particularly in December of the age appropriate year.

The relative age effect in young French basketball players: a study on the whole population

The aim of this study is to test the presence of the relative age effect (RAE) and to examine height in an overall population of the young French basketball players from 7 to 18 years old, male

The relative age effect in a professional football club setting

Between-group comparison revealed that the relative age effect incidence progressively increased with a higher level of involvement in youth football, representing a significant loss of potential youth football talent.

Gender differences in the relative age effect among US olympic development program youth soccer players

There are gender differences in the relative age effect of 17-year-old elite female and male soccer players, which may be explained by a complex interaction of biological and maturational differences with socialization influences.

Gender, age, and sport differences in relative age effects among US Masters swimming and track and field athletes

Results showed that a participation-related relative age effect in Masters sports is stronger for males, that it becomes progressively stronger with each successive decade of life, and that it does not differ across track and field and swimming.

The International Olympic Committee Consensus Statement on age determination in high-level young athletes

International sporting federations have uncovered several cases of document fraud, presumably aimed at allowing over-age athletes to gain a performance advantage by competing in a lower age class.

Influences of competition level, gender, player nationality, career stage and playing position on relative age effects

Three studies try to bridge the gap by investigating several moderators for relative age effects (RAEs) in one sport, Handball, by investigating the influence of competition level and gender on RAEs before adulthood and providing evidence toward explaining how Raes influence the development and maintenance of expertise.

Relative Age Effect in Japanese Male Athletes

The findings suggest that although the school year in Japan starts on April 1, significant relative age effects are observed in some sporting events, including baseball, soccer, volleyball, Ekiden, basketball, sumo, and horse racing.
...