The role of IDH1 mutated tumour cells in secondary glioblastomas: an evolutionary game theoretical view.

Abstract

Recent advances in clinical medicine have elucidated two significantly different subtypes of glioblastoma which carry very different prognoses, both defined by mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH-1). The mechanistic consequences of this mutation have not yet been fully clarified, with conflicting opinions existing in the literature; however, IDH-1 mutation may be used as a surrogate marker to distinguish between primary and secondary glioblastoma multiforme (sGBM) from malignant progression of a lower grade glioma. We develop a mathematical model of IDH-1 mutated secondary glioblastoma using evolutionary game theory to investigate the interactions between four different phenotypic populations within the tumor: autonomous growth, invasive, glycolytic, and the hybrid invasive/glycolytic cells. Our model recapitulates glioblastoma behavior well and is able to reproduce two recent experimental findings, as well as make novel predictions concerning the rate of invasive growth as a function of vascularity, and fluctuations in the proportions of phenotypic populations that a glioblastoma will experience under different microenvironmental constraints.

DOI: 10.1088/1478-3975/8/1/015016
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@article{Basanta2011TheRO, title={The role of IDH1 mutated tumour cells in secondary glioblastomas: an evolutionary game theoretical view.}, author={David Basanta and Jacob G Scott and Russ Rockne and Kristin R Swanson and Alexander R A Anderson}, journal={Physical biology}, year={2011}, volume={8 1}, pages={015016} }