# The river model of black holes

@article{Hamilton2004TheRM, title={The river model of black holes}, author={Andrew J. S. Hamilton and Jason Paul Lisle}, journal={American Journal of Physics}, year={2004}, volume={76}, pages={519-532} }

We present a lesser known way to conceptualize stationary black holes, which we call the river model. In this model, space flows like a river through a flat background, while objects move through the river according to the rules of special relativity. In a spherical black hole, the river of space falls into the black hole at the Newtonian escape velocity, hitting the speed of light at the horizon. Inside the horizon, the river flows inward faster than light, carrying everything with it. The…

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