The risk of melamine-induced nephrolithiasis in young children starts at a lower intake level than recommended by the WHO

  title={The risk of melamine-induced nephrolithiasis in young children starts at a lower intake level than recommended by the WHO},
  author={Gang Li and Shufang Jiao and Xiangjun Yin and Ying Deng and Xinghuo Pang and Yan Wang},
  journal={Pediatric Nephrology},
We investigated 683 children with nephrolithiasis and 6,498 children without nephrolithiasis aged <3 years. Nephrolithiasis was diagnosed by renal ultrasonography in hospitals in Beijing in September/October 2008. In addition, data was collected on current and past formula feeding and on other possible risk factors for nephrolithiasis. Daily intake of melamine per kilogram of body weight was calculated for each individual. In general, the adjusted odds ratios between melamine dose and… Expand
Low exposure to melamine increases the risk of urolithiasis in adults.
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  • G. Swaen
  • Medicine
  • Toxicology Research and Application
  • 2019
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Occurrence of Melamine and its Derivatives in Breast Milk from the United States and its Implications for Exposure in Infants.
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  • Medicine
  • Journal of hazardous materials
  • 2020
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Melamine-contaminated powdered formula and urolithiasis in young children.
Prematurity and exposure to melamine-contaminated formula were associated with urinary stones, and affected children lacked typical signs and symptoms of urolithiasis. Expand
Renal screening in children after exposure to low dose melamine in Hong Kong: cross sectional study
The data suggest that large scale and urgent screening programmes may not be informative or cost effective for populations who have been exposed to low dose melamine and the prevalence of microscopic haematuria was probably overestimated by the reagent strip. Expand
Melamine and nephrolithiasis in children in Taiwan.
From September 24 through October 23, 2008, 1129 children in Taiwan who had possible exposure to contaminated formula were screened, investigating the clinical symptoms and risk factors for nephrolithiasis. Expand
Metabolic risk factors in children with kidney stone disease
It is concluded that specific urine metabolic risk factors are found in most children with kidney stones and that hypocitraturia is as frequent as hypercalciuria. Expand
Ultrasonographic evaluation of melamine-exposed children in Hong Kong.
The recent melamine contamination of infant formula and milk products in China placed thousands of children in China and neighboring regions at risk for renal-stone formation and renal failure, and screening programs were launched nationwide in the mainland of China and Hong Kong. Expand
Lithiasis in cystic kidney disease and malformations of the urinary tract
The prevalence of renal stones in renal cystic and malformative conditions exceeds the prevalence of renal stones in the general population, suggesting that the above-mentioned cystic andExpand
Melamine, powdered milk, and nephrolithiasis in Chinese infants.
  • C. Langman
  • Medicine
  • The New England journal of medicine
  • 2009
Melamine, a synthetic nitrogenous product found in many industrial goods and even in fertilizer destined for use in growing crops for human consumption, was recently found to have been added to foods in China to increase their measured, but not biologically available, protein content. Expand
Melamine and the global implications of food contamination.
Dr. Julie Ingelfinger writes that the contaminated formula was taken off the market, but the story of melamine contamination is far from over. Expand
Diagnosis and medical treatment of infants affected by Sanlu melamine-contaminated milk powder
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