The rise of graphene.

  title={The rise of graphene.},
  author={SUPARNA DUTTASINHA and Kostya S. Novoselov},
  journal={Nature materials},
  volume={6 3},
Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed-matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality, and, despite its short history, has already revealed a cornucopia of new physics and potential applications, which are briefly discussed here. Whereas one can be certain of the realness of applications only when commercial products appear, graphene no longer requires any further proof of its… 

Graphene: from materials science to particle physics

Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal carbon allotrope, has generated great interest and spurred research activity from materials science to particle physics and vice

Designing quantum phases in monolayer graphene

The physics of quantum materials is at the heart of current condensed matter research. The interactions in these materials between electrons themselves, with other excitations, or external fields can

Scientific Achievements in Studying Graphene and Related Structures

Graphene, a monolayer of graphite, was the first two-dimensional material that attracted great academic interest around the world. The number of experimental and theoretical studies involving

Graphene: Status and Prospects

This review analyzes recent trends in graphene research and applications, and attempts to identify future directions in which the field is likely to develop.

Properties of graphene: a theoretical perspective

The electronic properties of graphene, a two-dimensional crystal of carbon atoms, are exceptionally novel. For instance, the low-energy quasiparticles in graphene behave as massless chiral Dirac

Graphene and Graphene-Based Nanocomposites

The study of graphene is one of the most exciting topics in materials science and condensed matter physics (Geim and Novoselov, 2007) and graphene has good prospects for applications in a number of

Graphene: Piecing it Together

The focus then centers on current synthesis strategies for graphene and their weaknesses in terms of electronics applications are highlighted, and the properties of graphene that make it so attractive as a material for electronics is introduced to the reader.

Graphene Morphology Modulated by Nanowires Patterned on a Substrate Surface

  • Teng LiZhao Zhang
  • Physics
    2009 International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium
  • 2009
Graphene, a monolayer of graphite, has rapidly emerged as a rising star of materials science and condensed-matter physics, largely due to its exceptional properties [1,2]. Graphene has the highest



The structure of suspended graphene sheets

These studies by transmission electron microscopy reveal that individual graphene sheets freely suspended on a microfabricated scaffold in vacuum or air are not perfectly flat: they exhibit intrinsic microscopic roughening such that the surface normal varies by several degrees and out-of-plane deformations reach 1 nm.

Bipolar supercurrent in graphene

Light is shed on the special role of time reversal symmetry in graphene, and phase coherent electronic transport at the Dirac point is demonstrated, finding that not only the normal state conductance of graphene is finite, but also a finite supercurrent can flow at zero charge density.

Experimental observation of the quantum Hall effect and Berry's phase in graphene

An experimental investigation of magneto-transport in a high-mobility single layer of graphene observes an unusual half-integer quantum Hall effect for both electron and hole carriers in graphene.

Two-dimensional gas of massless Dirac fermions in graphene

This study reports an experimental study of a condensed-matter system (graphene, a single atomic layer of carbon) in which electron transport is essentially governed by Dirac's (relativistic) equation and reveals a variety of unusual phenomena that are characteristic of two-dimensional Dirac fermions.

Chiral tunnelling and the Klein paradox in graphene

The so-called Klein paradox—unimpeded penetration of relativistic particles through high and wide potential barriers—is one of the most exotic and counterintuitive consequences of quantum

Ultrathin epitaxial graphite: 2D electron gas properties and a route toward graphene-based nanoelectronics.

We have produced ultrathin epitaxial graphite films which show remarkable 2D electron gas (2DEG) behavior. The films, composed of typically three graphene sheets, were grown by thermal decomposition

Graphene-based composite materials

The bottom-up chemical approach of tuning the graphene sheet properties provides a path to a broad new class of graphene-based materials and their use in a variety of applications.

Electronic properties of disordered two-dimensional carbon

Two-dimensional carbon, or graphene, is a semimetal that presents unusual low-energy electronic excitations described in terms of Dirac fermions. We analyze in a self-consistent way the effects of

Graphene integer quantum Hall effect in the ferromagnetic and paramagnetic regimes

Starting from the graphene lattice tight-binding Hamiltonian with an on-site U and long-range Coulomb repulsion, we derive an interacting continuum Dirac theory governing the low-energy behavior of

Unconventional quantum Hall effect and Berry’s phase of 2π in bilayer graphene

There are two known distinct types of the integer quantum Hall effect. One is the conventional quantum Hall effect, characteristic of two-dimensional semiconductor systems1,2, and the other is its