The rise in global atmospheric CO2, surface temperature, and sea level from emissions traced to major carbon producers

  title={The rise in global atmospheric CO2, surface temperature, and sea level from emissions traced to major carbon producers},
  author={B. Ekwurzel and John Boneham and M. W. Dalton and Richard Heede and Roberto Javier Mera and M. R. Allen and Peter C. Frumhoff},
  journal={Climatic Change},
Researchers have quantified the contributions of industrialized and developing nations’ historical emissions to global surface temperature rise. Recent findings that nearly two-thirds of total industrial CO2 and CH4 emissions can be traced to 90 major industrial carbon producers have drawn attention to their potential climate responsibilities. Here, we use a simple climate model to quantify the contribution of historical (1880–2010) and recent (1980–2010) emissions traced to these producers to… 

Global Surface Temperature Variability And Trends And Attribution To Carbon Emissions

  • Pietrafesa Lj
  • Environmental Science
    Environmental Science: Current Research
  • 2019
We investigate the patterns of monthly time series of global ocean surface temperature and global air temperatures over the land surface, and combination thereof, from 1850 to 2018. By employing an

Towards Robust Calculation of Interannual CO2 Growth Signal from TCCON (Total Carbon Column Observing Network)

This is the first study that showed promising ability of aggregated TCCON signal to capture global CO2 growth, and the drivers of this disagreement were identified.

The consistency between observations (TCCON, surface measurements and satellites) and CO2 models in reproducing global CO2 growth rate

Abstract. Atmospheric CO2 growth is the primary driver of the global warming and the rate of this growth is a valuable indicator of the interannual changes in carbon cycle. Despite atmospheric CO2

National attribution of historical climate damages

Quantifying which nations are culpable for the economic impacts of anthropogenic warming is central to informing climate litigation and restitution claims for climate damages. However, for countries

Time-frequency dependency of temperature and sea level: a global perspective

The importance of environmental sustainability to all human aspects has been spiking as the world keeps evolving. Economies around the world are on the move to ensure sustainable economic development

Global evidence of time-frequency dependency of temperature and environmental quality from a wavelet coherence approach

The concern that the global emissions or carbon mitigation plans have not yielded the much desired significant improvement in health, air and environmental quality especially since the Conference of

A Nexus between Carbon Emissions and Land Surface Temperature in the Six Ecological Zones of Nigeria

The increase in the emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere has been identified as a driving cause of global climate change which is a threat to the normal functioning of human and natural



National contributions to observed global warming

There is considerable interest in identifying national contributions to global warming as a way of allocating historical responsibility for observed climate change. This task is made difficult by

Contributions of developed and developing countries to global climate forcing and surface temperature change

Understanding the relative contributions of individual countries to global climate change for different time periods is essential for mitigation strategies that seek to hold nations accountable for

The proportionality of global warming to cumulative carbon emissions

It is shown that the carbon–climate response (CCR), defined as the ratio of temperature change to cumulative carbon emissions, is approximately independent of both the atmospheric CO2 concentration and its rate of change on these timescales.

Temperature-driven global sea-level variability in the Common Era

This is the first, to the authors' knowledge, estimate of global sea-level (GSL) change over the last ∼3,000 years that is based upon statistical synthesis of a global database of regional sea- level reconstructions, and indicates that, without global warming, GSL in the 20th century very likely would have risen by between −3 cm and +7 cm, rather than the ∼14 cm observed.

The RCP greenhouse gas concentrations and their extensions from 1765 to 2300

We present the greenhouse gas concentrations for the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) and their extensions beyond 2100, the Extended Concentration Pathways (ECPs). These projections

Carbon dioxide and climate impulse response functions for the computation of greenhouse gas metrics:a multi-model analysis

Abstract. The responses of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other climate variables to an emission pulse of CO2 into the atmosphere are often used to compute the Global Warming Potential (GWP) and Global

Contributions of individual countries’ emissions to climate change and their uncertainty

We have compiled historical greenhouse gas emissions and their uncertainties on country and sector level and assessed their contribution to cumulative emissions and to global average temperature

Countries’ contributions to climate change: effect of accounting for all greenhouse gases, recent trends, basic needs and technological progress

In the context of recent discussions at the UN climate negotiations we compared several ways of calculating historical greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and assessed the effect of these different

Persistence of climate changes due to a range of greenhouse gases

It is shown that the warming due to non-CO2 greenhouse gases, although not irreversible, persists notably longer than the anthropogenic changes in the greenhouse gas concentrations themselves, which should not be expected to decrease climate change impacts as rapidly as the gas or aerosol lifetime.

The net climate impact of coal-fired power plant emissions

Abstract. Coal-fired power plants influence climate via both the emission of long-lived carbon dioxide (CO2) and short-lived ozone and aerosol precursors. Using a climate model, we perform the first