The response of grandstands to dynamic crowd loads

@inproceedings{Ellis2000TheRO,
  title={The response of grandstands to dynamic crowd loads},
  author={Brian R Ellis and Tianjian Ji and John D. Littler},
  year={2000}
}
& This paper provides an overview of the response of grandstands to dynamic crowd loading. It summarizes the guidance which is currently available in the UK and how it has been developed. The interaction between structures and crowds is then considered for both jumping and stationary crowds. A model for jumping loads is given, and the frequency range for jumping and the dynamic crowd e€ect are discussed. Numerical modelling of grandstands and the determination of structural response are… CONTINUE READING

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