The republic of science in the 1990s

  title={The republic of science in the 1990s},
  author={A. Rip},
  journal={Higher Education},
  • A. Rip
  • Published 1994
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • Higher Education
SummaryResearch councils began as channels for state patronage of science (a widespread phenomenon after World War II) and were captured by the scientists: peer review of proposals, panels, board membership. In this way, they became an important organ of the ‘Republic of Science’ (Michael Polanyi's concept). Being awarded a grant is now as important for the reputation or status of a scientist as the money value per se: research councils have become part of the reward system of science… Expand

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