The rentier state, interest groups, and the paradox of autonomy: state and business in Turkey and Iran

  title={The rentier state, interest groups, and the paradox of autonomy: state and business in Turkey and Iran},
  author={Hootan Shambayati},
The low levels of taxation in the Middle East can be the envy of both governments and citizens of industrialized nations. In 1980 direct taxes averaged less than 11 percent of total government revenue in the Middle East, while the world average was 63 percent.' Instead of taxing their own populations, Middle Eastern and North African governments are heavily dependent on nontax revenues generated from sources outside the physical boundaries of territories they rule. They depend on external… Expand
Impact of Oil Revenues on Economic Prosperity in South Sudan
South Sudan among the most oil-independent country in the world, oil contribute for almost all bulk of its exports, around 60% of Gross Domestic Products (GDP), and 98% of government revenue, yet theExpand
Petrostates and Private Sectors: Regulating Business and Markets in Resource-Rich Countries
Oil-rich countries such as Iran, Nigeria, and Russia are often cited as among the most difficult places in the world to open and operate a business. Is this observation a widespread phenomenon amongExpand
The Effects of the U.S. Hegemony on Economic Growth in East Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa
This paper presents an analysis of the likelihood of economic growth in Asian countries with empirical results. The model selected for the analysis is the OLS model. By using cross-sectional data ofExpand
Oil, Nontax Revenue, and the Redistributional Foundations of Regime Stability
Abstract Nontax revenues make up a substantial amount of government revenue around the world, though scholars usually focus on individual sources of such revenue (for example, foreign aid andExpand
Production sharing contracts and rentierism: Reforming transparency gaps in Kurdistan's oil and gas contracts
Abstract Rentierism is a significant concern for most oil-producing countries, in particular, those in the developing world. Iraq is among those countries with a long history of rentierism. KurdistanExpand
No taxation , no representation ? Oil-to-cash transfers & the dynamics of government responsiveness
  • 2018
Does the absence of taxation lead to a lack of representation? The answer to this question is at the heart of decades of scholarly work on natural resource politics— notably the purported causalExpand
Oil rents and political breakdown in patrimonial states: Algeria in comparative perspective
Studies of oil-exporting states within the comparative political economy of development literature maintain that oil structures political, as well as economic, outcomes. Hence, political ‘breakdown’,Expand
Does Resource Wealth Cause Authoritarian Rule
Middle East scholars often suggest that the region's absence of democracy is in part due to its oil wealth. This paper examines three aspects of the " oil-impedes-democracy " claim. First, is itExpand
Overcoming the Resource Curse: Reform and the Rentier State in Chile and Argentina, 1973–2000
type="main"> This article examines the possibility of overcoming the resource curse through case studies of the appropriation and use of mining rents derived from public–private joint ventures inExpand
The Politics of Weak Control: State Capacity and Economic Semi-Formality in the Middle East
After years of mystification and theoretical overemphasis on the role and functions of the state, an increasing number of scholars have recently begun to " demystify " and " disag-gregate " theExpand


A Political Economy of the Middle East: State, Class, and Economic Development.
The framework of the study overview of economic growth and structural change the impact of rapid population growth human capital health and education agriculture and food security the emergence ofExpand
Oil, state, and industrialization in Iran
List of figures List of tables Preface Introduction 1. A framework for the analysis of the role of state in the oil-exporting developing countries 2. Capitalist development and the transformation ofExpand
The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran.
Finally, while Meisami addresses the question of the homoerotic nature of the vast majority of ghazals, she has decided, "only for convenience" (p. 254), to use the female pronoun in her discussionExpand