The renal veins : a review

  title={The renal veins : a review},
  author={K. S. Satyapal},
In clinical anatomy, the renal venous system is relatively understudied compared to the arterial system. The great complexity of the patterns and inter-relationships of the arteries and veins of the kidney is demonstrated by gross anatomical dissection and clinical practice. This review of several renal vein investigations aims to clarify and update the variable patterns of the renal venous vasculature using cadaveric human adult and foetal kidneys and to reflect on its clinical application… CONTINUE READING


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