The renal sinus is the principal invasive pathway: a prospective study of 100 renal cell carcinomas.


A total of 100 renal cell carcinomas were prospectively examined for renal sinus invasion, 74 clear cell renal cell carcinomas (CC), 3 renal cell carcinomas, unclassified (RUC), 16 papillary renal cell carcinomas (PapC), and 7 chromophobe renal cell carcinomas (ChC). Using the 2002 TNM staging formulation, 49 tumors were T1, 5 were T2, and 46 were T3 or T4… (More)


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