The renal risks of smoking: an update.

  title={The renal risks of smoking: an update.},
  author={Stephan Reinhold Orth and Eberhard Ritz},
  journal={Current opinion in nephrology and hypertension},
  volume={11 5},
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Smoking increases the renal risk both in diabetic and in nondiabetic renal disease. The purpose of the present review is to summarize the current state of knowledge about this important remediable renal risk factor. RECENT FINDINGS The deleterious effect of smoking on renal function extends beyond patients with primary or secondary renal disease and patients with a renal transplant, because recent studies document a relation between smoking and loss of filtration rate, even… CONTINUE READING
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