The remarkable story of Romanian women's struggle to manage their fertility

@article{Horga2013TheRS,
  title={The remarkable story of Romanian women's struggle to manage their fertility},
  author={Mihai Horga and Caitlin Gerdts and Malcolm Potts},
  journal={Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care},
  year={2013},
  volume={39},
  pages={2 - 4}
}
In 1957, along with many countries in Eastern Europe, Romania liberalised its abortion law. The Soviet model of birth control made surgical abortion easily available, but put restrictions on access to modern contraceptives, leading to an exceptionally high abortion rate. By the mid-1960s there were 1 100 000 abortions performed each year in Romania, a lifetime average of 3.9 per woman, the highest number ever recorded.1 In October 1966, 1 year after coming to power, in an attempt to boost… 

Learning from Romanian women's struggle to manage their fertility

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Although it is difficult to compare any country today with the repressive, restrictive climate of Romania in the 1960s and 1970s, a reminder of the contribution that adequate birth control, including abortion, makes to women's health is important.

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The impact of recent policy changes on fertility, abortion, and contraceptive use in Romania.

After abortion became legal, the total fertility rate dropped to below replacement level, while the induced abortion rate doubled, and contraceptive prevalence increased 20 percent, but augmentation of the use of traditional methods, rather than the change in legislation, accounted for 70 percent of the increase.

Fertility effects of the abolition of legal abortion in Romania.

The drastic alteration of the fertility laws in Romania in 1966 is of special interest in that it provides something approaching an experimental context for examining the effect of a legal code on fertility.

Figure 1 Abortion, contraception, maternal mortality and fertility in Romania during the period

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