The remarkable story of Romanian women's struggle to manage their fertility

  title={The remarkable story of Romanian women's struggle to manage their fertility},
  author={Mihai Horga and Caitlin Gerdts and Malcolm Potts},
  journal={Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care},
  pages={2 - 4}
In 1957, along with many countries in Eastern Europe, Romania liberalised its abortion law. The Soviet model of birth control made surgical abortion easily available, but put restrictions on access to modern contraceptives, leading to an exceptionally high abortion rate. By the mid-1960s there were 1 100 000 abortions performed each year in Romania, a lifetime average of 3.9 per woman, the highest number ever recorded.1 In October 1966, 1 year after coming to power, in an attempt to boost… 

Learning from Romanian women's struggle to manage their fertility

  • A. Furedi
  • Political Science
    Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
  • 2013
Although it is difficult to compare any country today with the repressive, restrictive climate of Romania in the 1960s and 1970s, a reminder of the contribution that adequate birth control, including abortion, makes to women's health is important.

Update on abortion policy

Liberalization of abortion laws saves women's lives, but the rising number of antiabortion restrictions will ultimately harm women and their families, as has been observed in Texas recently.

The inter-generational fertility effect of an abortion ban

This study examines the extent to which banning women from having abortions affected the fertility of their children, who did not face a similar legal constraint. Using multiple censuses from

Factors Associated with Incidence of Induced Abortion in Hamedan, Iran.

The high incidence of abortion among less or more educated women and those with high income level signifies unmet family planning needs among these women, which must be addressed by focused reproductive health and family planning programs.

Beyond Abortion: The Consequences of Overturning Roe

It is posit that an abortion ban would mean that anyone who becomes pregnant, including those who continue a pregnancy and give birth to healthy newborns and those with pregnancy complications or adverse pregnancy outcomes will become newly vulnerable to legal surveillance, civil detentions, forced interventions, and criminal prosecution.

Curbing publicly-funded family planning services in Iran: who is affected?

  • A. Erfani
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
  • 2016
Multivariate results showed that women who have a large number of children, want no more children, live in poor districts, and have low education are more likely to use long-acting contraceptive methods than withdrawal and condoms.

Complications of illegal abortion in the suburbs of Tehran: A 9-year cross-sectional study

The feature of claims showed that only severe morbidity and complications were registered in medical court, suggesting that the definition of illegal abortion as a criminal act can be one of the factors of decreasing of abortion's complication claims.

The effect of contraceptive counselling in the pre and post-natal period on contraceptive use at three months after delivery among Italian and immigrant women.

This study supports the notion that health professionals should take every opportunity during pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium to provide information and counselling to improve knowledge and awareness of contraception.

Safe abortion: The public health rationale.

  • M. Fathalla
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology
  • 2019



The impact of recent policy changes on fertility, abortion, and contraceptive use in Romania.

After abortion became legal, the total fertility rate dropped to below replacement level, while the induced abortion rate doubled, and contraceptive prevalence increased 20 percent, but augmentation of the use of traditional methods, rather than the change in legislation, accounted for 70 percent of the increase.

Fertility effects of the abolition of legal abortion in Romania.

The drastic alteration of the fertility laws in Romania in 1966 is of special interest in that it provides something approaching an experimental context for examining the effect of a legal code on fertility.

Figure 1 Abortion, contraception, maternal mortality and fertility in Romania during the period

  • Commentary
  • 1965

Romanian Ministry of Health, Institute for Mother and Child Care, Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention. Romania: Reproductive Health Survey

  • 1993

Romania: Reproductive Health Survey

  • 2004

Romanian Association of Public Health and Health Management, School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila

  • Reproductive Health Survey
  • 1999

Romanian Ministry of Health, National Institute for Public Health, National Center for Statistics and Informatics in Public Health