Physical Predictors of Cognitive Performance in Healthy Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Analysis
AIM The aim of this study was standardization and validation of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in the general Croatian aging population. METHODS Three-hundred and forty-four participants underwent the MMSE test, 217 cognitively healthy subjects without neurological and psychiatric disorders and 127 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia. RESULTS The optimal cutoff point for screening of the general Croatian population (cognitively healthy vs. MCI and dementia) is 26/27; in the Croatian population aged ≥65 years, the cutoff point is 24/25, whereas for screening of highly educated persons (≥14 years of education) aged ≥65 years a higher cutoff point should be used (26/27). CONCLUSIONS MMSE results when standardized and validated in a certain population might better contribute to recognition of the individuals at risk that should be directed to dementia outpatient clinics.