The reliability and validity of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability observational tool as a measure of pain in children with cognitive impairment.

@article{VoepelLewis2002TheRA,
  title={The reliability and validity of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability observational tool as a measure of pain in children with cognitive impairment.},
  author={Terri Voepel-Lewis and Sandy Merkel and Alan R. Tait and Agnieszka Trzcinka and Shobha V Malviya},
  journal={Anesthesia and analgesia},
  year={2002},
  volume={95 5},
  pages={
          1224-9, table of contents
        }
}
UNLABELLED Pain assessment remains difficult in children with cognitive impairment (CI). In this study, we evaluated the validity and reliability of the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) tool for assessing pain in children with CI. Each child's developmental level and ability to self-report pain were evaluated. The child's nurse observed and scored pain with the FLACC tool before and after analgesic administration. Simultaneously, parents scored pain with a visual analog scale… CONTINUE READING

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