The relative impact of cognitive anxiety and self-confidence upon sport performance: a meta-analysis

  title={The relative impact of cognitive anxiety and self-confidence upon sport performance: a meta-analysis},
  author={Tim Woodman and Lew Hardy},
  journal={Journal of Sports Sciences},
  pages={443 - 457}
  • T. Woodman, L. Hardy
  • Published 1 January 2003
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Sports Sciences
This meta-analysis (k = 48) investigated two relationships in competitive sport: (1) state cognitive anxiety with performance and (2) state self-confidence with performance. The cognitive anxiety mean effect size was r = −0.10 (P <0.05). The self-confidence mean effect size was r = 0.24 (P <0.001). A paired-samples t-test revealed that the magnitude of the self-confidence mean effect size was significantly greater than that of the cognitive anxiety mean effect size. The moderator variables for… 
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