The relationship of erythropoietin overexpression with von Hippel-Lindau tumour suppressor gene mutations between hypoxia-inducible factor-1α and -2α in sporadic clear cell renal carcinoma.

Abstract

Decreased levels of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumour suppressor protein are associated with up-regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), leading to increased tumour proliferation, angiogenesis and progression. The role of erythropoietin (EPO), a target gene for HIF, remains unknown for sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (sCCRCC). In this study, we… (More)

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