The relationship of QRS morphology with cardiac structure and function in patients with heart failure

Abstract

The relationship of QRS morphology with cardiac structure and function in patients with heart failure is uncertain. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of heart failure and objective evidence of cardiac dysfunction [either a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50 % or an amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) ≥400 pg/ml] who had been investigated by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) were identified. QRS duration ≥120 ms was grouped morphologically as left (LBBB), right bundle branch block (RBBB) or indeterminate. Of 877 patients, 320 (36 %) had QRS ≥ 120 ms. Compared to patients with LBBB, those with RBBB had a lower median [inter-quartile range (IQR)] right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction [RBBB: 46 (37–57); LBBB: 52 (42–61) %; p = 0.014], greater median (IQR) RV mass [RBBB: 53 (42–73); LBBB: 45 (36–56) g; p < 0.001], higher median (IQR) plasma NT-proBNP [RBBB: 2013 (659–3573); LBBB: 1159 (589–2207) pg/ml, p = 0.026], more signs of peripheral congestion and higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation but had similar LVEF. During a median follow-up of 1302 days (IQR: 742–2237), 311 patients died. Compared with patients who had QRS < 120 ms, those with RBBB [HR 1.98, 95 % CI (1.37–2.86); p < 0.001] had a higher mortality. Age and NT-proBNP were the strongest independent predictors of mortality; neither QRS nor CMRI variables improved prediction. In patients with heart failure and QRS ≥ 120 ms, RBBB is associated with more severe RV dysfunction and congestion and a worse prognosis. However, neither QRS morphology nor CMRI data provide independent prognostic information in a multivariable analysis including NT-proBNP.

DOI: 10.1007/s00392-015-0861-0

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@article{Pellicori2015TheRO, title={The relationship of QRS morphology with cardiac structure and function in patients with heart failure}, author={Pierpaolo Pellicori and Anil C. Joseph and Jufen Zhang and Elena I. Lukaschuk and Nasser Sherwi and Christos V. Bourantas and Huan P. Loh and Andrew L. Clark and John Gf Cleland}, journal={Clinical Research in Cardiology}, year={2015}, volume={104}, pages={935-945} }