The relationship between obesity, low back pain, and lumbar disc degeneration when genetics and the environment are considered: a systematic review of twin studies.

@article{Dario2015TheRB,
  title={The relationship between obesity, low back pain, and lumbar disc degeneration when genetics and the environment are considered: a systematic review of twin studies.},
  author={Amabile Dario and Manuela Loureiro Ferreira and Kathryn Margaret Refshauge and T. A. S. Lima and Juan Ram{\'o}n Ordo{\~n}ana and Paulo Henrique Muniz Ferreira},
  journal={The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society},
  year={2015},
  volume={15 5},
  pages={1106-17}
}
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The relationships between obesity and low back pain (LBP) and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) remain unclear. It is possible that familial factors, including genetics and early environment, affect these relationships. PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between obesity-related measures (eg, weight, body mass index [BMI]) and LBP and LDD using twin studies, where the effect of genetics and early environment can be controlled. STUDY DESIGN A systematic review with meta… CONTINUE READING
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