The relationship between matter and life

  title={The relationship between matter and life},
  author={Rodney A. Brooks},
The disciplines of artificial intelligence and artificial life build computational systems inspired by various aspects of life. Despite the fact that living systems are composed only of non-living atoms there seems to be limits in the current levels of understanding within these disciplines in what is necessary to bridge the gap between non-living and living matter. 
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The human body is a constant flux of thousands of chemical/biological interactions and processes connecting molecules, cells, organs, and fluids, throughout the brain, body, and nervous system. Up
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The contribution proposes EG-systems as a suitable computationalistic formal framework for study some of the relevant properties of embodied autonomous agents acting in computationally complicated environments.
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This chapter first briefly reviews the history of artificial life and illustrates the current research thrusts in contemporary “soft’, “hard”, and “wet” artificial life with respect to individual cells, whole organisms, and evolving populations.
2 Natural and artificial life Natural life
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Theory of edge detection
  • D. Marr, E. Hildreth
  • Mathematics
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
  • 1980
The theory of edge detection explains several basic psychophysical findings, and the operation of forming oriented zero-crossing segments from the output of centre-surround ∇2G filters acting on the image forms the basis for a physiological model of simple cells.
Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B
  • Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B
  • 1980
Shadows of the Mind (Oxford
  • 1994