The relationship between lower intelligence, crime and custodial outcomes: a brief literary review of a vulnerable group

  title={The relationship between lower intelligence, crime and custodial outcomes: a brief literary review of a vulnerable group},
  author={James E. Freeman},
  journal={Vulnerable Groups \& Inclusion},
  • J. Freeman
  • Published 2012
  • Psychology
  • Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion
The relationship between intellectual functioning and criminal offending has received considerable focus within the literature. While there remains debate regarding the existence (and strength) of this relationship, there is a wider consensus that individuals with below average functioning (in particular cognitive impairments) are disproportionately represented within the prison population. This paper focuses on research that has implications for the effective management of lower functioning… Expand
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