The relationship between high-fat dairy consumption and obesity, cardiovascular, and metabolic disease

  title={The relationship between high-fat dairy consumption and obesity, cardiovascular, and metabolic disease},
  author={Mario Kratz and Ton Baars and Stephan J Guyenet},
  journal={European Journal of Nutrition},
PurposeTo comprehensively review the data on the relationship between the consumption of dairy fat and high-fat dairy foods, obesity, and cardiometabolic disease.MethodsWe have conducted a systematic literature review of observational studies on the relationship between dairy fat and high-fat dairy foods, obesity, and cardiometabolic disease. We have integrated these findings with data from controlled studies showing effects of several minor dairy fatty acids on adiposity and cardiometabolic… 

The role of dairy fat on cardiometabolic health: what is the current state of knowledge?1

Results from prospective studies do not support the assumption that higher dairy fat intake is associated with increased risk of CVD, but they do support the hypothesis that dairyfat intake could be protective for T2D.

Total and Full-Fat, but Not Low-Fat, Dairy Product Intakes are Inversely Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in Adults.

Total and especially full-fat dairy food intakes are inversely and independently associated with metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older adults, associations that seem to be mediated by dairy saturated fatty acids.

Whole-Fat or Reduced-Fat Dairy Product Intake, Adiposity, and Cardiometabolic Health in Children: A Systematic Review

High-quality randomized controlled trials in children that directly compare the effects of whole-fat compared with reduced-fat dairy intake on measures of adiposity or biomarkers of cardiometabolic disease risk are needed to provide better quality evidence.

Dairy and Cardiovascular Disease: A Review of Recent Observational Research

It appears that milk, cheese, and yogurt are inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk, and a need to study specific well-defined foods, as opposed to calculating nutrients, in order to better understand these relationships.

Associations between Dairy Intake, Body Composition, and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Spanish Schoolchildren: The Cuenca Study

It is suggested that full-fat milk intake should be promoted in children without obesity or high cardiometabolic risk, as well as in children with dyslipidemic patterns.

Regular Fat and Reduced Fat Dairy Products Show Similar Associations with Markers of Adolescent Cardiometabolic Health

Although regular fat dairy was associated with a slightly better cholesterol profile in boys, overall, intakes of both regular fat and reduced fat dairy products were associated with similar cardiometabolic associations in adolescents.

Systematic Review of the Association between Dairy Product Consumption and Risk of Cardiovascular-Related Clinical Outcomes123

Data from this systematic review indicate that the consumption of various forms of dairy products shows either favorable or neutral associations with cardiovascular-related clinical outcomes.

Dairy Fat Consumption and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome: An Examination of the Saturated Fatty Acids in Dairy

Previous work on the impact of dairy-derived SFA consumption on disease risk suggests that there is currently insufficient evidence to support current dietary guidelines which consolidate all dietary SFA into a single group of nutrients whose consumption should be reduced, regardless of dietary source, food matrix, and composition.

Dairy fat biomarkers and cardiometabolic health

Dairy fat biomarkers are minor fatty acid constituents of dairy that preferably are unique to dairy and not influenced by endogenous metabolism that can be good indicators of short (weeks) and long (years) term intakes, depending on the sampling medium.



Associations between the intake of dairy fat and calcium and abdominal obesity

The data gave some indications of an inverse association between SAD and the intake of calcium, and the question of how to use and interpret dietary data in URs when diet–disease relationships are investigated is highlighted.

Ethnic differences in dairy and related nutrient consumption among US adults and their association with obesity, central obesity, and the metabolic syndrome.

A significant inverse association between intake of whole milk, yogurt, calcium, and magnesium and metabolic disorders is found and ethnic differences in some MetS outcomes were partly explained by variations in dairy-related nutrients.

Consumption of dairy products and associations with incident diabetes, CHD and mortality in the Whitehall II study.

In conclusion, intakes of total dairy and types of dairy products showed no consistent relationship with incident diabetes, CHD or all-cause mortality.

Dairy products and its association with incidence of cardiovascular disease: the Malmö diet and cancer cohort

The main finding was that a high intake of fermented milk may reduce the risk of CVD, and suggests that it is important to examine dairy products separately when investigating their health effects.

Dietary saturated fats and their food sources in relation to the risk of coronary heart disease in women.

A distinction between stearic acid and other saturated fats does not appear to be important in dietary advice to reduce CHD risk, in part because of the high correlation betweenStearic Acid and otheraturated fatty acids in typical diets.

Is higher dairy consumption associated with lower body weight and fewer metabolic disturbances? The Hoorn Study.

In an elderly Dutch population, higher dairy consumption was not associated with lower weight or more favorable levels of components of the metabolic syndrome, except for a modest association with lower blood pressure.

Associations between dairy consumption and body weight: a review of the evidence and underlying mechanisms

The present review summarises available data and provides an insight into the likely contribution of dairy foods to strategies aimed at appetite regulation, weight loss or the prevention of weight gain.

A diet high in low-fat dairy products lowers diabetes risk in postmenopausal women.

A diet high in low-fat dairy products is associated with lower diabetes risk in postmenopausal women, particularly those who are obese, and this relationship was more pronounced in women with a higher BMI.

Dairy consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in men: a prospective study.

Dietary patterns characterized by higher dairy intake, especially low-fat dairy Intake, may lower the risk of type 2 diabetes in men.