The relationship between borderline symptoms and vantage perspective during autobiographical memory retrieval in a community sample

  title={The relationship between borderline symptoms and vantage perspective during autobiographical memory retrieval in a community sample},
  author={Kris Van den Broeck and Jasmin Reza and Sabine Nelis and Laurence Claes and Guido Pieters and Filip Raes},
  journal={Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation},
BackgroundRecent findings show that (previously) depressed and traumatised patients, compared to controls, make more frequently use of an observer perspective (as set against a field perspective) when retrieving memories. Because patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) often report mood disturbances and past traumatic experiences, it would be plausible to expect that these patients too would retrieve higher proportions of observer memories. Therefore, and given the phenotypical… 
Comparing External Correlates of DSM-5 Section II and Section III Dimensional Trait Operationalizations of Borderline Personality Disorder.
It was concluded that the Section II and Section III operationalization of Borderline Personality Disorder have similar positions in a nomological network representing the BPD construct.
Out-of-body memory encoding causes third-person perspective at recall
ABSTRACT Sigmund Freud famously noted some memories are recalled with a perspective of “an observer from outside the scene”. According to Freud—and most memory researchers today—the third-person
Evaluating the assessment and clinical application of the DSM-5 section III personality disorder model
The majority of research on the DSM-5 Section III alternative model for personality disorders (PDs) has addressed the dimensional traits proposed in Criterion B, while limited research has evaluated


Field perspective deficit for positive memories characterizes autobiographical memory in euthymic depressed patients.
Facets of autobiographical memory in adolescents with major depressive disorder and never‐depressed controls
Compared with never‐depressed adolescents, adolescents with depression were significantly more likely to retrieve memories from an observer perspective and more recent time period, preferentially rehearsed negative memories and rated their memories as more personally important.
Remembering as an observer: How is autobiographical memory retrieval vantage perspective linked to depression?
The tendency to retrieve observer perspective memories was associated with greater negative self-evaluation, lower dispositional mindfulness, and greater use of avoidance, and participants who recalled more field perspective memories at pre- treatment had lower levels of post-treatment depression, controlling for pre-treatment levels of depression and trait rumination.
Memory specificity in borderline personality disorder: associations with depression and self-discrepancy.
Autobiographical memory and emotion in a non-clinical sample of women with and without a reported history of childhood sexual abuse.
Models of the long-term effects of CSA should incorporate the effects CSA may have on subsequent retrieval for memory of non-abuse events, and clinicians may have to directly address these deficits in therapy.
Dysphoric students show higher use of the observer perspective in their retrieval of positive versus negative autobiographical memories
Comparisons with non-dysphoric individuals revealed that dysphoric students used an observer perspective more for positive memories compared with negative memories, but not for negative memories.
Overgeneral autobiographical memory and traumatic events: an evaluative review.
Across studies, there was no consistent association between trauma exposure and overgenerality, suggesting that trauma exposure is unlikely to be the primary mechanism leading to over generality.
The endorsement of dysfunctional attitudes is associated with an impaired retrieval of specific autobiographical memories in response to matching cues
Patients retrieved less specific autobiographical memories in response to cue words that matched highly endorsed attitudes or schemas, suggesting that an impaired retrieval of specific memories may be the result of certain cues activating generic, higher-order mental representations.
Effect of self-discrepancy on specificity of autobiographical memory retrieval
As predicted, results in both studies showed an effect of cue word discrepancy on the specificity of autobiographical memories such that participants retrieved a smaller proportion of specific and a greater proportion of overgeneral memories in response to high-discrepant words as compared to low-discREPant words.