Treatment with cinacalcet increases plasma sclerostin concentration in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Sclerostin, a bone antianabolic peptide involved in osteoporosis, is elevated in patients undergoing maintenance dialysis. However, there are no data for patients with early CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Between January and July 2010, serum sclerostin and GFR (calculated by inulin clearance) were measured in 90 patients with CKD. Fasting blood samples were also drawn for determination of calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, bone alkaline phosphatase, and 25-OH vitamin D. RESULTS Median GFR was 66.5 (interquartile range, 40.0-88.3) ml/min per 1.73 m(2). Median sclerostin level was 53.5 (interquartile range, 37.5-77.2) pmol/L, was higher in patients with a GFR <60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), and was highest in those with ESRD. Sclerostin levels were significantly more elevated in men than women (P<0.05). An inverse relationship was found between sclerostin and GFR (r=-0.58; P<0.001), and a positive correlation was seen with age (r=0.34; P<0.01) and serum phosphate (r=0.26; P=0.02). In multiple regression analyses, GFR, sex, and serum phosphate were the only variables associated with serum sclerostin (P<0.001). Age lost its relationship with sclerostin level. CONCLUSIONS This is the first study reporting higher serum sclerostin levels starting at CKD stage III. GFR, sex, and serum phosphate were the only measures associated with sclerostin level, suggesting that the effect of age reported in the literature might instead be attributable to the altered renal function in the elderly. Correcting the serum phosphorus level may be associated with lower sclerostin levels.