The relation between Wechsler-Bellevue subtests and academic achievement using institutionalized retardates

Abstract

The relationship of intelligence to achievement is complex, and studies have yielded varyin~g and inconsistent results. I t is recognized that intelligence is only one variable of `many which coiltribute to some degree to. one's edueatio.nal attainments. However, in the .ease =of retardation, there is n,o doubt that intelligence is one of the `most impo.rtant factors influencing academic achieve.merit. This ,study `may be said to be an attempt at refining the WechslerBellevue Scales of Intelligence by analyzing each of their subtests with regard to acade~v_ie aahieve.ment. The primary purpose was to determine the extent to which the various subtests are related to the Reading, Spellh~g, and Arithmetic sections of the Wide Range Achieve.merit Test (WRfiT). A secondary p~rpose was to investigate the relationship between sehovt a~ieve.ment and Wechsler ,subtest variability. This study, then, is an effort to determine whether the Wec~sler Scale has ~he intrinsic capacity for diagnosing school failu~re or predicting the level o,f sc~ho~o~ success with retardates and, if so, to delineate the clinical signs and oharacteristias. This study has particular significance in its relation to ~nental retardation. With the growing e.mpha,sis on treatment and training for the retarded, there is an increasing need for more refined diagnostic and prognostic measurements. An instrument that could reliably predict one's potential for aeade`mic a~hievement would be extremely valuable. The scope of this study is narrow, in the sense that the sample s~died ao~sists of 80 ,s~bjeats o~ a single state in,stitution. T~is

DOI: 10.1007/BF01573408

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Cite this paper

@article{MA1964TheRB, title={The relation between Wechsler-Bellevue subtests and academic achievement using institutionalized retardates}, author={Fred R. Seybold M.A. and Duilio T. Pedrini}, journal={The Psychiatric Quarterly}, year={1964}, volume={38}, pages={635-650} }