The reinterpretation of dreams: An evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming

@article{Revonsuo2000TheRO,
  title={The reinterpretation of dreams: An evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming},
  author={Antti Revonsuo},
  journal={Behavioral and Brain Sciences},
  year={2000},
  volume={23},
  pages={877 - 901}
}
  • A. Revonsuo
  • Published 1 December 2000
  • Psychology
  • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Several theories claim that dreaming is a random by-product of REM sleep physiology and that it does not serve any natural function. Phenomenal dream content, however, is not as disorganized as such views imply. The form and content of dreams is not random but organized and selective: during dreaming, the brain constructs a complex model of the world in which certain types of elements, when compared to waking life, are underrepresented whereas others are over represented. Furthermore, dream… Expand
Physiology and Content of Dreams
Dreaming is broadly construed as a form of mental activity in sleep that is recalled by the dreamer. Although several theories have been historically proposed to examine the origins and functions ofExpand
The Nature and Functions of Dreaming
The Nature and Function of Dreaming presents a comprehensive theory of dreaming based on many years of psychological and biological research by Ernest Hartmann and others. Critical to this theory isExpand
The Functions of REMS and Dreaming
As with the functions of sleep and NREMS that are discussed in Chap. 10, the function of REMS and dreaming are not precisely known. But there are several possibilities. REMS may prepare the organismExpand
Dreaming and Historical Consciousness
TLDR
Dreams model the temporality of human consciousness as existentialist thinkers going back to Heidegger have described it: the authors exist in a situation of uncertainty and angst in relation to the future, yet this is necessarily the position in which decisions must be made. Expand
Incidence of Threat in Dreams: A Response to Revonsuo's Threat Simulation Theory.
A. Revonsuo (2000b) proposed an evolutionary theory of dreaming, stating it is a threat simulation mechanism that allowed early humans to rehearse threat perception and avoidance without biologicalExpand
Freud's Dream Interpretation: A Different Perspective Based on the Self-Organization Theory of Dreaming
TLDR
The self-organization theory of dreaming is referred to and its meaning for dream interpretation is elucidated to elucidate the meaning of Freud’s theory of dreams. Expand
Dreams and the Dreaming Brain
The neuroanatomy and physiology of dreams and transitional states of sleep as well as functions of dreams are described. The major types of dreams such as lucid dreaming, daydreaming, and nightmaresExpand
Dreams and the temporality of consciousness.
TLDR
It is argued that dreaming is a unique state of consciousness that incorporates 3 temporal dimensions: experience of the present, processing of the past, and preparation for the future. Expand
The threat simulation theory of the evolutionary function of dreaming: Evidence from dreams of traumatized children
TLDR
This hypothesis that children who live in an environment in which their physical and psychological well-being is constantly threatened should have a highly activated dream production and threat simulation system, whereas children living in a safe environment that is relatively free of such threat cues should has a weakly activated system is tested. Expand
The Functional Role of Dreaming in Emotional Processes
TLDR
Dream experience can defuse emotional traumatic memories when the emotional regulation and the fear extinction mechanisms are compromised by traumatic and frightening events, and could represent a sort of simulation of reality, providing the possibility to create a new scenario with emotional mastery elements to cope with dysphoric items included in nightmares. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 1,381 REFERENCES
Dreaming souls: Sleep, dreams, and the evolution of the conscious mind: Book review.
What, if anything do dreams tell us about ourselves? What is the relationship between types of sleep and types of dreams? Does dreaming serve any purpose? Or are dreams simply meaningless mentalExpand
Lucid Dreaming as Metacognition: Implications for Cognitive Science
Abstract Evidence of reflective awareness and metacognitive monitoring during REM sleep dreaming poses a significant challenge to the commonly held view of dream cognition as necessarily deficientExpand
One possible function of sleep: to produce dreams
  • M. Mancia
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Behavioural Brain Research
  • 1995
TLDR
The author puts forward a cognitive hypothesis, which considers dreams as a symbolic process of elaborating, interpreting and reorganizing in narrative sequences all the material accumulated in the memory during waking hours, and proposes a psychoanalytical model of dreaming. Expand
Bizarreness in dreams and fantasies: Implications for the activation-synthesis hypothesis
Abstract Dreaming is a statistically robust cognitive correlate of REM sleep, but all of its formal features may occur in other states of sleep and even in waking, especially during fantasy. In orderExpand
A New Neurocognitive Theory of Dreams
Discoveries in three distinct areas of dream research make it possible to suggest the outlines of a new neurocognitive theory of dreaming. The first relevant findings come from assessments ofExpand
Dreaming and consciousness
Abstract Research in the second half of the twentieth century may finally have succeeded in constraining the boundaries of reasonable discussion about dreams and dreaming. Largely owing toExpand
The single-mindedness and isolation of dreams.
TLDR
This isolation of dream content, from other thought systems is considered as but one manifestation of a more generalized relative isolation ofdream content, which includes isolation from presleep stimuli, contemporaneous stimuli, organismic state, and autonomic and motor activity. Expand
Dream bizarreness and the activation-synthesis hypothesis.
The unusual aspect of dream consciousness which has been called "dream bizarreness" may be defined as impossibility or improbability in the domains of dream plot, cognition and affect. The bizarreExpand
Lucid Dreaming: Psychophysiological Studies of Consciousness during REM Sleep
Although we are usually not explicitly aware that we are dreaming while we are dreaming, at times a remarkable exception occurs, and we become conscious enough to realize that fact. “Lucid” dreamersExpand
The paradox of sleep : the story of dreaming
Michel Jouvet is perhaps the world's leading sleep and dream researcher. He discovered a mysterious dream state that he called paradoxical sleep. This third category of brain activity (distinct fromExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...