The regulatory domain of protein kinase C delta positively regulates insulin receptor signaling.


Protein kinase C delta (PKCdelta) is induced by insulin to rapidly associate with insulin receptor (IR) and upregulates insulin signaling. We utilized specific JM and CT receptor domains and chimeras of PKCalpha and PKCdelta regulatory and catalytic domains to elucidate which components of PKCdelta are responsible for positive regulatory effects of PKCdelta on IR signaling. Studies were performed on L6 and L8 skeletal muscle myoblasts and myotubes. PKCdelta was preferentially bound to the JM domain of IR, and insulin stimulation increased this binding. Both PKCdelta/alpha and PKCalpha/delta chimeras (regulatory/catalytic) were bound preferentially to the JM but not to the CT domain of IR. Although IR-PKCdelta binding was higher in cells expressing either the PKCdelta/alpha or PKCalpha/delta chimera than in control cells, upregulation of IR signaling was observed only in PKCdelta/alpha cells. Thus, in response to insulin increases in tyrosine phosphorylation of IR and insulin receptor substrate-1, downstream signaling to protein kinase B and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) and glucose uptake were greater in cells overexpressing PKCdelta/alpha and the PKCdelta/delta domains than in cells expressing the PKCalpha/delta domains. Basal binding of Src to PKCdelta was higher in both PKCdelta/alpha- and PKCalpha/delta-expressing cells compared to control. Binding of Src to IR was decreased in PKCalpha/delta cells but remained elevated in the PKCdelta/alpha cells in response to insulin. Finally, insulin increased Src activity in PKCdelta/alpha-expressing cells but decreased it in PKCalpha/delta-expressing cells. Thus, the regulatory domain of PKCdelta via interaction with Src appears to determine the role of PKCdelta as a positive regulator of IR signaling in skeletal muscle.

DOI: 10.1677/JME-09-0119

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@article{Jacob2010TheRD, title={The regulatory domain of protein kinase C delta positively regulates insulin receptor signaling.}, author={Avraham I Jacob and Miriam Horovitz-Fried and Shlomit Aga-Mizrachi and Tamar Brutman-Barazani and Hana Okhrimenko and Yehiel Zick and Chaya Brodie and Sanford R. Sampson}, journal={Journal of molecular endocrinology}, year={2010}, volume={44 3}, pages={155-69} }