The reduction of gunshot noise and auditory risk through the use of firearm suppressors and low-velocity ammunition

  title={The reduction of gunshot noise and auditory risk through the use of firearm suppressors and low-velocity ammunition},
  author={William J Murphy and Gregory A Flamme and Adam R. Campbell and Edward L. Zechmann and Stephen M. Tasko and James E. Lankford and Deanna K Meinke and Donald S. Finan and Michael Stewart},
  journal={International Journal of Audiology},
  pages={S28 - S41}
Abstract Objective: This research assessed the reduction of peak levels, equivalent energy and sound power of firearm suppressors. Design: The first study evaluated the effect of three suppressors at four microphone positions around four firearms. The second study assessed the suppressor-related reduction of sound power with a 3 m hemispherical microphone array for two firearms. Results: The suppressors reduced exposures at the ear between 17 and 24 dB peak sound pressure level and reduced the… Expand
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  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1982
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