The red herring and the pet fish: why concepts still can't be prototypes

  title={The red herring and the pet fish: why concepts still can't be prototypes},
  author={Jerry A. Fodor and Ernie Lepore},

Why stereotypes don’t even make good defaults

Prototypes as compositional components of concepts

It is argued that each of this proposals is independently plausible, and that, when taken together, provide the basis for a satisfactory account of prototype compositionality.

How to Blunt the Sword of Compositionality

Concepts—the elementary building-blocks of thought—have long been a focusof research in psychology, and it shows. A naturalistically minded philosopherwho goes shopping for a theory of concepts finds

Regaining Composure: A Defence Of Prototype Compositionality.

This chapter will argue that prototypes are sufficiently compositional to overcome the objection that prototypes do not combine compositionally, and will not, however, advance the claim that prototypesare not concepts.

Regaining Composure : A Defense of Prototype Compositionality

Beginning in the late 1960s, psychologists began to challenge the view the definitional theory of concepts. According to that theory a concept is a mental representation comprising representations of

The language of risk

a also take a deep interest in questions about conceptual structure. It's just that the structure in question is supposed to be the structure of abstract entities. See, e.g., Peacocke (1992) and

Concepts can compose constitutively: The case for conceptual homogeneity

Whether mental concepts are constructed in the form of prototypes, exemplars or theories still remains unclear. Empirical evidence can be marshalled in favor of all three proposals. Some take the

The Hidden Strengths of Weak Theories.

  • F. Keil
  • Philosophy
    Anthropology and Philosophy
  • 2011
The alternative proposed here argues that their very weak theories might in fact do a great deal of work in explaining how the authors form concepts and are able to use them to successfully refer.

Gradable Nouns as Concepts Without Prototypes

It is claimed that the class of nouns that are linguistically gradable corresponds precisely to those concepts that have graded membership but lack a prototype, which means that nerdiness increases with intelligence while qualifying as a typical student simply requires some above-standard degree of intelligence.



Prototype theory and compositionality

Conceptual Combination with Prototype Concepts

It is argued for on approach to conceptual combination that starts with the prototype representotions themselves, which violates not only the min rule but also other simple rules for relating typicality in o conjunction to typicalities in the constituents.

The Problem of Reality

Underlying the practice of cognitive science is a basic tension in its goals that to me has much the flavor of a paradigm split in the sense of Kuhn. The tension has to do with how one phrases the

On the adequacy of prototype theory as a theory of concepts

Combining graded categories: membership and typicality.

It is argued that set intersection is inappropriate for combining graded categories, and the authors propose an alternative formal mechanism in which a conjoint category is constructed from constituent categories by forming a joint distribution of values.

From folk psychology to cognitive science

Languages of the Mind