The recognition of social alliances by vervet monkeys

  title={The recognition of social alliances by vervet monkeys},
  author={Dorothy L Cheney and Robert M. Seyfarth},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
Abstract Vervet monkeys ( Cercopithecus aethiops ) are significantly more likely to threaten a particular individual if they have previously been involved in a fight with that individual's close kin. They thus show evidence of recognizing that certain individuals associate regularly with each other. Vervets over the age of 3 years are also significantly more likely to threaten a particular individual if that individual's close kin and their own close kin have previously been involved in a fight… Expand
Simultaneous classification by rank and kinship in Japanese macaques
To assess evidence of the ability of Japanese macaques, Macaca fuscata, to recognize the rank and kin relationships of other individuals, we analysed the recruitment of allies in the context ofExpand
Ravens notice dominance reversals among conspecifics within and outside their social group
It is shown that ravens react differently to playbacks of dominance interactions that either confirm or violate the current rank hierarchy of members in their own social group and of ravens in a neighbouring group, suggesting thatRavens understand third-party relations and may deduce those not only via physical interactions but also by observation. Expand
Hierarchy, kinship and social interaction among Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata)
Grooming and proximity were found to be positively related to both dominance rank and degrees of relatedness, and Affiliative behaviour became more correlated with ranks than degrees of genetic relatedness. Expand
A social concept in Java monkeys
Abstract Two adult female Java monkeys, Macaca fascicularis, demonstrated their ability to form a concept of affiliation by their choices of slides of group members. In a discrimination task, oneExpand
Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) categorize unknown conspecifics according to their dominance relations.
It is shown that monkeys can use abstract social concepts and are aware of the social relationships within their group, and that they generalize categorical judgments of dominance to new films involving new behaviors. Expand
Vocal recognition in the spotted hyaena and its possible implications regarding the evolution of intelligence
Spotted hyaenas, Crocuta crocuta, are gregarious carnivores whose social lives share much in common with those of cercopithecine primates. We conducted playback experiments to determine whetherExpand
Postconflict social interactions among barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus)
We investigated the occurrence of postconflict social interactions in a group of Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus)that live in a large enclosure. We collected data during the mating and theExpand
Redirected aggression and reconciliation among vervet monkeys, Cercopithecus aethiops
Among both kin and nonkin, opponents were significantly more likely to threaten their opponents' relatives following a fight than during matched-control periods (simple redirected aggression).Expand
Recognition of other individuals’ social relationships by female baboons
Results indicate that female baboons recognize the screams and threat grunts of their own close relatives but also of unrelated individuals, and replicate previous studies in suggesting that female monkeys recognize the close associates of other individuals and adjust their interactions with others according to recent events involving individuals other than themselves. Expand
Problems of kin recognition.
Initial findings reveal that kin recognition abilities are surprisingly well-distributed throughout the animal kingdom, and an understanding of the evolutionary and ecological significance of these abilities demands further analyses of the components of kin recognition mechanisms and the social contexts in which they are expressed. Expand


Relationships among adult females in captive vervet monkeys: Testing a model of rank-related attractiveness
Data from three captive groups of vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus) were used to test predictions from Seyfarth's (1977) model of rank-related attractiveness. Grooming patterns amongExpand
Social structure among vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops).
Vervet territoriality was characterized by all-purpose areas that were defended by all age-sex classes of heterosexual groups throughout the year (excepting infants). Expand
Kin preference in infant Macaca nemestrina
It is shown that young pigtail macaques prefer to interact with a related over an unrelated monkey in a laboratory test, suggesting that kin recognition can occur in the absence of prior association with relatives. Expand
Recognition of Individuals Within and Between Groups of Free-Ranging Vervet Monkeys1
SYNOPSIS. The ability of animals to recognize and classify others reflects the selective pressures acting on individuals within a particular social framework. Data on recognition therefore allow usExpand
Vocal recognition in free-ranging vervet monkeys
Abstract Screams of free-ranging juvenile vervet monkeys were played to a group containing their mothers and two ‘control’ females who also had offspring in the group. Mothers and controls wereExpand
Sibling recognition in the prairie vole, Microtus ochrogaster
Results indicate that sibling recognition and, consequently, incest avoidance depend on association prior to weaning, and that siblings reared apart bred readily when paired at weaning. Expand
Nepotism among rhesus monkey brothers
It is reported that males frequently transfer into the same social groups as their older maternally related brothers, consistent with proposals that brothers who behave nepotistically and noncompetitively have high inclusive fitness. Expand
The distribution of grooming and related behaviours among adult female vervet monkeys
Abstract Grooming and related behaviours among adult females in three groups of vervet monkeys were studied for 14 months. In all groups, high rates of grooming were significantly correlated withExpand
A model of social grooming among adult female monkeys.
  • R. Seyfarth
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1977
A theoretical model which duplicates two similar features of grooming networks among adult female monkeys shows how relatively simple principles governing the behaviour of individuals may be used to explain more complex aspects of the social structure of non-human primate groups. Expand
Nonrandom Dispersal in Free-Ranging Vervet Monkeys: Social and Genetic Consequences
While males seem to benefit by transferring nonrandomly with their peers when young, it may be more advantageous for older males to disperse alone, and age-related changes in the social benefits of nonrandom transfer appear to have important genetic consequences for the population as a whole. Expand