The reality of repressed memories.

@article{Loftus1993TheRO,
  title={The reality of repressed memories.},
  author={Elizabeth F Loftus},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  year={1993},
  volume={48 5},
  pages={
          518-37
        }
}
  • E. Loftus
  • Published 1993
  • Medicine
  • The American psychologist
Repression is one of the most haunting concepts in psychology. Something shocking happens, and the mind pushes it into some inaccessible corner of the unconscious. Later, the memory may emerge into consciousness. Repression is one of the foundation stones on which the structure of psychoanalysis rests. Recently there has been a rise in reported memories of childhood sexual abuse that were allegedly repressed for many years. With recent changes in legislation, people with recently unearthed… Expand
The Myth of Repressed Memory and the Realities of Science
The Myth of Repressed Memory was written as part of an effort to bring to public attention a concern about some therapy practices that are based on repression folklore. The folklore includes theExpand
The Return of the Repressed: The Persistent and Problematic Claims of Long-Forgotten Trauma
  • H. Otgaar, M. L. Howe, +4 authors E. Loftus
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2019
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the belief in repressed memories occurs on a nontrivial scale and appears to have increased among clinical psychologists since the 1990s, and that the scientifically controversial concept of dissociative amnesia, which is argued is a substitute term for memory repression, has gained in popularity. Expand
Repressed and Recovered Memory
In the twentieth century, the notion of repression wormed its way deep into western culture. How? Many scholars point to Freud. Yet Freud was maddeningly vague about repression: As Crews (1995) hasExpand
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People who went through the horrors of the Holocaust struggle with their memories in different ways. Many experience overwhelming and intrusive recollections accompanied by strong emotions, even moreExpand
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There is a heated clinical, legal and public discussion going on "recovered memories" of childhood sexual abuse: are these memories false or accurate ones? One of the arguments made by some falseExpand
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People who went through the horrors of the Holocaust struggle with their memories in different ways. Many experience overwhelming and intrusive recollections accompanied by strong emotions, even moreExpand
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TLDR
Since memory repression theory is not currently scientifically substantiated it is argued that care needs to be taken in the mental health, legal and insurance compensation arenas. Expand
Memory distortion and false memory creation.
  • E. Loftus
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 1996
The 1990s have brought to public attention thousands of cases that began when a grown-up daughter or son walked into a therapist's office seeking help for depression, low self-esteem, or any of aExpand
“The Reality of Repressed Memories” Revisited and Principles of Science
Abstract An article in the 1993 issue of the American Psychologist entitled “The reality of repressed memories” (Loftus, 1993) forms the foundation for how many contemporary professionals understandExpand
Tilting at Windmills: Why Attacks on Repression Are Misguided
  • C. Brewin
  • Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2020
TLDR
Clinical evidence is consistent with recovered memories occurring in many different forms of therapy, including ones that do not use suggestive techniques or rely on the concept of repression, and Otgaar et al. have proposed the existence of a problem for which little objective evidence can be found. Expand
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