The ratio of circulating follicular T helper cell to follicular T regulatory cell is correlated with disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus.

Abstract

Follicular T regulatory (Tfr) cells inhibit follicular T helper (Tfh) cells mediated B cell responses. Tfh cells are involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the role of Tfr cells in SLE remains unclear. The frequency of circulating Tfr and Tfh cells were examined in SLE patients and healthy controls. The frequency of circulating Tfr cell decreased and Tfh/Tfr ratio increased in SLE patients. Serum anti-dsDNA antibody level positively correlated with frequency of Tfh cells and Tfh/Tfr ratios but negatively correlated with the frequency of Tfr cells. Moreover, the frequency of Tfr and Tfh/Tfr ratio but not that of Tfh was correlated with diseases activity. In addition, increase in Tfr cell numbers and decrease in the Tfh/Tfr ratios were observed with successful treatments. Thus, Tfr cells should be considered as a biomarker for SLE and their role in the pathogenesis of SLE warrants further investigation.

DOI: 10.1016/j.clim.2017.07.004

Cite this paper

@article{Xu2017TheRO, title={The ratio of circulating follicular T helper cell to follicular T regulatory cell is correlated with disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus.}, author={Bihua Xu and Shuang Wang and Mianjing Zhou and Yuefang Huang and Rong Fu and Chaohuan Guo and Jingxian Chen and Jijun Zhao and Felicia Gaskin and Shu Man Fu and Niansheng Yang}, journal={Clinical immunology}, year={2017}, volume={183}, pages={46-53} }