The radiation of the Cape flora, southern Africa

@article{Linder2003TheRO,
  title={The radiation of the Cape flora, southern Africa},
  author={Hans Peter Linder},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
  year={2003},
  volume={78}
}
  • H. Linder
  • Published 1 November 2003
  • Environmental Science
  • Biological Reviews
The flora of the south‐western tip of southern Africa, the Cape flora, with some 9000 species in an area of 90 000 km2 is much more speciose than can be expected from its area or latitude, and is comparable to that expected from the most diverse equatorial areas. The endemism of almost 70%, on the other hand, is comparable to that found on islands. This high endemism is accounted for by the ecological and geographical isolation of the Cape Floristic Region, but explanations for the high species… 
Evolutionary Diversity Patterns in the Cape Flora of South Africa
The Greater Cape Floristic Region of South Africa is a relatively small area found in the south-western corner of the African continent. It is characterised by a Mediterranean-type climate and
Causes of plant diversification in the Cape biodiversity hotspot of South Africa.
TLDR
It is concluded that the combination of complex environmental conditions together with relative climatic stability promoted high speciation and/or low extinction rates as the most likely scenario leading to present-day patterns of hyperdiversity in the Cape.
The evolution of African plant diversity
  • H. Linder
  • Environmental Science
    Front. Ecol. Evol.
  • 2014
TLDR
It is argued that six floras, with distinct geographical centres, different extra-African affinities, ages of radiation and radiation rates, can be delimited: the Austro-temperate, Tropic-alpine, Lowland forest,tropic-montane, Savanna and Arid Floras.
Evolution of the species-rich Cape flora.
  • H. Linder, C. Hardy
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 2004
TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of an almost complete species sample of the largest clade of Restionaceae, the third largest Cape clade, indicates that the radiation of the Restion Families started between 20 and 42 Myr ago, and since then there were no, or at most gradual, changes in the speciation rate in this clade.
The Evolution of Regional Species Richness: The History of the Southern African Flora
TLDR
It is suggested that several of the most species-rich regions may harbor several complex radiations, which accumulate diversifying lineages over a long time, spawn daughter radiations on other continents, and become powerhouses of global-biodiversity generation.
The Cape element in the Afrotemperate flora: from Cape to Cairo?
TLDR
This work reconstructs the historical biogeography of the four lineages of Disa, Irideae p.p., the Pentaschistis clade and Restionaceae, and finds that tropical taxa are nested within a predominantly Cape clade.
The composition, geography, biology and assembly of the coastal flora of the Cape Floristic Region
TLDR
It is suggested that, over and above the strong pH gradient that exists on calcareous substrata, soil depth and texture may act as important edaphic filters to incorporating lineages from floras on juxtaposed substrata in the CFR.
Patterns of plant speciation in the Cape floristic region.
Mediterranean Biomes: Evolution of Their Vegetation, Floras, and Climate
Mediterranean-type ecosystems (MTEs) are located today in southwestern Australia, the Cape Region of South Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, California, and central Chile. These MTEs possess the
DIVERSIFICATION OF THE AFRICAN GENUS PROTEA (PROTEACEAE) IN THE CAPE BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOT AND BEYOND: EQUAL RATES IN DIFFERENT BIOMES
TLDR
This work reconstructed phylogenetic relationships among species in the genus Protea, which has its center of species richness and endemism in the Cape, but also extends through tropical Africa as far as Eritrea and Angola.
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