The race to close perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PVSD): proceed with caution.

Abstract

Over a decade after the first successful transcatheter closure of a muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD) back in 1987, the race began to develop a suitable device for transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PVSD). With the development of braided Nitinol technology, the first‐generation devices showed early promise, although… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/joic.12126

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