The questionable contribution of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age to European craniofacial form.

@article{Brace2006TheQC,
  title={The questionable contribution of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age to European craniofacial form.},
  author={C. Brace and N. Seguchi and C. Quintyn and Sherry C. Fox and A. R. Nelson and S. Manolis and Pan Qi-feng},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2006},
  volume={103 1},
  pages={
          242-7
        }
}
  • C. Brace, N. Seguchi, +4 authors Pan Qi-feng
  • Published 2006
  • Medicine, Geography
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Many human craniofacial dimensions are largely of neutral adaptive significance, and an analysis of their variation can serve as an indication of the extent to which any given population is genetically related to or differs from any other. When 24 craniofacial measurements of a series of human populations are used to generate neighbor-joining dendrograms, it is no surprise that all modern European groups, ranging all of the way from Scandinavia to eastern Europe and throughout the Mediterranean… Expand

Paper Mentions

An alternative view of the peopling of South America: Lagoa Santa in craniometric perspective
In this study, we compare the craniofacial morphology of four Sumidouro skulls and one Lund skull of paleo South Americans from Lagoa Santa, Brazil, with worldwide prehistoric and recent humanExpand
Cranial Discrete Traits in a Byzantine Population and Eastern Mediterranean Population Movements
TLDR
It is hypothesized that affinity patterns in the Sagalassos biological package are the traces of the major migratory events that affected southwest Anatolia over the last millennia, as suggested from biological, archeological, and historical data. Expand
A Craniometric Perspective on the Transition to Agriculture in Europe
TLDR
The current state of knowledge regarding the cultural and biological nature of the Neolithic transition in Europe is reviewed, with particular emphasis on the role of craniometric analyses. Expand
East-West cranial differentiation in pre-Columbian populations from Central and North America.
TLDR
It is suggested that the "ecological zones model" proposed by Dixon, explaining the spread of the early Americans along a Pacific dispersal corridor, combined with the evolution of different population dynamics in both regions is the most parsimonious mechanism to explain the observed patterns of within- and between-group craniofacial variability. Expand
Variability of the Upper Palaeolithic skulls from Predmostí near Prerov (Czech Republic): craniometric comparison with recent human standards.
TLDR
The aim of the study was not only to monitor the skull shape as a whole, but predominantly, to evaluate the size and shape of various parts of the splanchnocranium. Expand
Detection of a population replacement at the Classic–Postclassic transition in Mexico
TLDR
It is shown that the main changes in the facial phenotype occur during the Classic–Postclassic transition, rather than in the rise of the Mexica, and suggests that intense gene exchange was likely after the fall of the Classic and maybe responsible for the Postclassic facial phenotype. Expand
Craniometric variation of the Ainu: an assessment of differential gene flow from northeast Asia into northern Japan, Hokkaido.
TLDR
The results suggest the possibility of admixture between the migrants from Northeast Asia, the Okhotsk culture people, and the indigenous inhabitants in Hokkaido during the 5th to 12th centuries A.D., at least in northeastern Hokkido. Expand
Metric and nonmetric dental variation and the population structure of the Ainu
  • T. Hanihara
  • Geography, Medicine
  • American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2010
TLDR
The results obtained by using the census population sizes of the regional groups of the Ainu as an estimate of relative effective population size suggest the possibility of an admixture between the Okhotsk culture people and the indigenous inhabitants in Hokkaido, at least in the coastal region along the Sea of OkhotsK. Expand
Ancient DNA Reveals Lack of Continuity between Neolithic Hunter-Gatherers and Contemporary Scandinavians
TLDR
Through analysis of DNA extracted from ancient Scandinavian human remains, it is shown that people of the Pitted Ware culture were not the direct ancestors of modern Scandinavians but are more closely related to contemporary populations of the eastern Baltic region. Expand
Comparison between morphological and genetic data to estimate biological relationship: the case of the Egyin Gol necropolis (Mongolia).
TLDR
The results showed that the Egyin Gol population is quite homogenous both metrically and genetically confirming a previous suggestion that the same people occupied the necropolis throughout the five centuries of its existence. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES
Old World sources of the first New World human inhabitants: A comparative craniofacial view
  • C. Brace, A. R. Nelson, +5 authors D. Tumen
  • Medicine, Geography
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
TLDR
Although both the earlier and later arrivals in the New World show a mixture of traits characteristic of the northern edge of Old World occupation and the Chinese core of mainland Asia, the proportion of the latter is greater for the more recent entrants. Expand
A nonracial craniofacial perspective on human variation: A(ustralia) to Z(uni).
  • C. Brace, K. Hunt
  • Biology, Medicine
  • American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1990
TLDR
Dental and craniofacial measurements were collected for 57 samples from Asia, the Pacific, the aboriginal western hemisphere, and Europe and held forth the promise of producing a nonracial assessment of the relationships of all the peoples of the world, past and present. Expand
“Neutral theory” and the dynamics of the evolution of “Modern” human morphology
TLDR
The logic behind the “neutral theory” in molecular genetics is very similar to that applied to what happens to morphological characteristics when selection ceases, that random changes in the neutral part of the genome have no other consequences. Expand
Genes, peoples and languages.
TLDR
A method of absolute genetic dating recently introduced uses mutation rates as molecular clocks; it was applied to human evolution using microsatellites, which have a sufficiently high mutation rate. Expand
The Dawn of European civilization
PROF. V. G. CHILDE has done very well to bring out, so soon after the seven-year interruption by war of contact with archæology in the Continent of Europe, this revised fourth edition of the bookExpand
Une sépulture des troglodytes du Périgord (crânes des Eyzies)
English(par R. Nespoulet et D. Henry-Gambier) This article written by Louis Lartet, at the age of 28, is still a reference document. Setting the context of the fortuitous discovery, in the spring ofExpand
Genetic evidence for the spread of agriculture in Europe by demic diffusion
TLDR
Findings support the hypothesis of Ammerman and Cavalli-Sforza and invite further investigation into Renfrew's hypothesis on the origin of the Indo-European languages. Expand
The Natufian culture in the Levant, threshold to the origins of agriculture
TLDR
The question of why the emergence of farming communities in the Near East was an inevitable outcome of a series of social and economic circumstances that caused the Natufian culture to be considered the threshold for this major evolutionary change is addressed. Expand
Sur les crânes et ossements des Eyzies
TLDR
Rereading this article published in 1868 helps to understand how those venerable bones were pressed into service to support an anthropological view that brought fossil and modern humans into the same system of classification based on race. Expand
Physical Anthropology in Czechoslovakia: Recent Developments
In Czechoslovakia, as in most Central and East European countries, the term "anthropology" refers to the biological study of man, i.e., to physical anthropology. However, physical anthropology hasExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...