The psychosocial effects of adult strabismus: a review

  title={The psychosocial effects of adult strabismus: a review},
  author={Jonathan Mark Durnian and Carmel P. Noonan and Ian Bruce Marsh},
  journal={British Journal of Ophthalmology},
  pages={450 - 453}
Correction of adult strabismus is not a cosmetic procedure but one that restores normality to an individual's appearance that has been altered by a disease process. Two fundamental principles underpinning facial attractiveness are symmetry and averageness—manifest strabismus affects both of these giving an unconscious signal of poor genetic history. The presence of manifest strabismus adversely affects many aspects of patients' lives including finding a partner, job prospects and interaction… 

The consequences of strabismus and the benefits of adult strabismus surgery

The impact of strabismus is reviewed, focusing on the psychosocial consequences of the condition, of which many optometrists may be less aware.

Psychosocial interventions for improving quality of life outcomes in adults undergoing strabismus surgery.

No evidence was found that evaluated the impact of psychosocial interventions on patients undergoing squint surgery, and future research should focus on developing and evaluating the use of targeted psychossocial interventions to improve a patient's quality of life after strabismus surgery.

Psychosocial Improvements in Children and Their Parents Following Strabismus Surgery.

Surgical interventions seem beneficial for the management of strabismus in improving both physical and mental health and psychosocial functioning and quality of life in children and their families.

Outcome of horizontal strabismus surgery and parents' satisfaction.

Horizontal and bilateral strabismus has good surgical outcome with improved cosmetic acceptance and nearly 90% of the parents were satisfied with the cosmetic outcome.

Factors Affecting the Perception of Strabismus Among Pediatric Ophthalmologists.

The gender of the patient and the amount of misalignment may influence the urgency of surgical management among strabismus surgeons.

Improvement in psychiatric symptoms after strabismus surgery in adolescent patients in long-term follow-up

Strabismu has psychological consequences in adolescent patients, and the visible eye deviation caused by strabismus is a strong indicator of psychological distress.

The psychological well-being and appearance concerns of patients presenting with ptosis

This study examines the psychological well-being and appearance concerns of patients presenting with ptosis recruited from Bristol Eye Hospital using validated questionnaires focusing on demographics and psychosocial factors before surgery to implicate psychossocial factors and demographics as predictors of the development of appearance-related distress and compromised psychological well being.

The Psychological Impact Of Strabismus: Does The Angle Really Matter?

The psychological impact of strabismus does not appear to be related to the patient’s angle of deviation, age, sex, presence of diplopia, visual acuity or direction of deviation.

The prevalence of strabismus in schizophrenic patients in Durban, KwaZulu Natal

There appears to be a strong relationship between strabismus and schizophrenia, and health care professionals, especially those dealing with paediatric care, parents and the public should be made aware of this relationship so that psychological advice and early intervention can be sought forstrabismic children.

Does Correction of Strabismus Improve Quality of Life in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Results of a Parent Survey by Ophthalmologists

This is the first study of the literature that investigated the impact of ocular re-alignment on behavioral patterns and social interactions of children with ASD and strabismus.



Psychosocial implications of strabismus surgery in adults.

Surgery to improve ocular alignment appears to herald major improvements in the quality of psychosocial functioning for the majority of adults undergoing such surgical procedures.

The psychosocial aspects of strabismus in teenagers and adults and the impact of surgical correction.

The negative psychosocial impact of strabismus in adults.

Study of the psychosocial aspects of strabismus.

These patients had difficulties with self-image and interpersonal relationships, faced ridicule at school and work, and generally avoided activities that brought attention to their defect and substantial changes were noticed in them after corrective surgery.

The management of strabismus in adults--III. The effects on disability.

  • G. BeauchampB. Black J. Felius
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
  • 2005

Psychosocial aspects of strabismus study.

Psychosocial difficulties relating to socially noticeable strabismus are not just a problem for school-children but also for teenagers and adults, and Correction of strabs in the older teenager or adult may offer them improvement in psychosocial functioning.

Social and emotional impact of strabismus surgery on quality of life in children.

The psychosocial benefits of corrective surgery for adults with strabismus

Surgery resulted in significant improvements in psychosocial adjustment with improvements on all study variables for the participant group as a whole, and the non-diplopic group made more significant gains than the diplopic groups.

Comparison of psychosocial and emotional consequences of childhood strabismus on the families from rural and urban India

There was a significant negative psychosocial and emotional impact of childhood Strabismus that was not affected by the rural or urban location of the family or the gender of the strabismic child or type of the deviation.

Age of the emergence of negative attitudes toward strabismus.

A negative attitude toward strabismus appears to emerge at approximately 6 years of age, and the biopsychosocial determinants of dislike and hostility toward ocular deviations are apparently acquired, learned responses.