The psychology of prayer and the development of the Prayer Experience Questionnaire

  title={The psychology of prayer and the development of the Prayer Experience Questionnaire},
  author={Simon Dein and Roland Littlewood},
  journal={Mental Health, Religion \& Culture},
  pages={39 - 52}
To date, prayer has been a largely neglected area in the social sciences. This paper describes four main areas which have been addressed in relation to prayer: the effect of prayer on empirical processes, prayer and coping, the development of praying, and the neurobiology of prayer. After pointing out that the receptive side of prayer has largely been ignored by social scientists, it goes on to describe the development of a new prayer experience questionnaire—the Prayer Experience Questionnaire… 
The Validity of Prayer Importance Scale (PIS)
Prayer is a central element of religiosity but research has focused primarily on distinguishing its types and analyzing its functional aspect. A particularly important issue is the subjective
'Without Prayer you have Nothing': Prayer in Uncertain Times in Trinidad
Key to this chapter is the concept that prayer is a form of communication between humans and the spiritual realm and that what is considered prayer and what is not is defined by the community itself
This paper reviews research on the positive effects of prayer and faith on mental health. The varying opinion of researchers on the subject matter, Biblical verses, various studies, models and tables
Prayer and mental health: An introduction to this special issue of Mental Health, Religion & Culture
The purpose of this special issue of Mental Health, Religion and Culture was to provide a forum for examples of current research and theorizing examining the relationship between prayer and mental
Prayer Research: Foundations, Review, and Agenda
Prayer, defined as spiritual communication with God, is framed by religious/spiritual assumptions that serve as a foundation for prayer research. Prayer publication rates, exemplars of prayer
A Psychometric Evaluation of Poloma and Pendleton's (1991) and Ladd and Spilka's (2002, 2006) Measures of Prayer
Prayer has increasingly been used as an empirical measure of religiosity. Recent developments include Ladd and Spilka’s Inward, Outward and Upward Prayer Scale, which measures what respondents think
Disappointment in God and Relational Spirituality: Moderator Effects for Meditative Prayer
In recent years, there have been a number of studies exploring the positive and negative aspects of spirituality. While many studies have indicated spirituality has a generally positive influence in
Cognitive-Behavioral-Related Prayer Types and Mental Health Relations among Muslim Samples
Psychological and subjective well-being depends on how an individual feels about his/her life and how he/she responds to life events. Individually, the person may unconsciously feel all external
Hallowed Be Thy Name: The Effect of Prayer on God-Schemata
Religious ideologies and spiritual frameworks are first formed and later held together by the linking of encounters with the sacred, a spiritual Entity, ritualistic practices, and/or the recognition
I say a little prayer for you: praying for partner increases commitment in romantic relationships.
  • F. Fincham, S. Beach
  • Psychology
    Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association
  • 2014
Two studies examine partner-focused petitionary prayer to see whether it is uniquely important in conveying relationship benefits, whether its benefits are transmitted through an effect on relationship satisfaction, and whether one's own or the partner's PFPP is central to beneficial effects.


The Effects of Prayer and Prayer Experiences on Measures of General Weil-Being
Although some 90% of all Americans claim to pray, a review of social science literature will reveal that researchers have shown little interest in the topic. The 1985 Akron Area Survey which focused
Empirical Studies of Christian Prayer: A Review of the Literature
Christian prayer is a central religious practice which has received scant attention in psychological research. The two major types of prayer are verbal and contemplative prayer. A review of the
Health locus of control and helpfulness of prayer.
It is suggested that prayer is perceived as a helpful, direct-action coping mechanism and warrants support by health personnel and it is recommended that further research explore the effect of prayer on patients' ability to cope with stressful situations.
A content analysis of the praying practices of Dutch youth
There has been very little empirical research about prayer. No convincing psychological theory exists, nor does agreement about definitions or basic concepts. In our research, open-ended questions
Prayers, spiritual support, and positive attitudes in coping with the September 11 national crisis.
The results showed that participants, who believed in diverse spiritual entities, used various types of prayer for coping and a linkage of spiritual support and positive attitudes mediated the effect of faith-based and secular factors on post-September 11 distress.
Spiritual conflicts associated with praying about cancer
A secondary analysis of data from a study designed to describe how persons use prayer to cope with cancer reveals that many of these informants had hesitancies about petitionary prayers for particular things, a cure, or for themselves.
Use of prayer among persons with cancer.
A range of approaches to prayer and topics for prayer was observed, often determined by illness circumstances, and a discussion is provided that begins to suggest how these data can inform clinical practice and future research.
Prayer and Health: Conceptual Issues, Research Review, and Research Agenda
The theoretical and empirical literature on the relationship between prayer and health is critically reviewed. Although empirical research partially confirms that prayer promotes a variety of health
The daily spiritual experience scale: development, theoretical description, reliability, exploratory factor analysis, and preliminary construct validity using health-related data
  • L. Underwood, J. Teresi
  • Psychology
    Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
  • 2002
The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) is described and preliminary evidence showed that daily spiritual experience is related to decreased total alcohol intake, improved quality of life, and positive psychosocial status.
The human side of prayer
  • H. Meserve
  • Education
    Journal of Religion and Health
  • 2004
Prayer is a serious matter, and whether you are a theist or a humanist , a Christian, Jew, or Moslem, or none of the above, the human side of prayer is worth looking at.