The psychobiology of play: Theoretical and methodological perspectives

  title={The psychobiology of play: Theoretical and methodological perspectives},
  author={Jaak Panksepp and Stephen M. Siviy and Larry Normansell},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
A Brain Motivated to Play: Insights into the Neurobiology of Playfulness.
  • S. Siviy
  • Biology, Psychology
  • 2016
What the authors currently know about the neurobiological substrates of play and how this can help illuminate functional questions about the putative benefits of play are discussed.
Scoring of Social Interactions and Play in Mice During Adolescence
This unit provides a description of methods that have proven useful in characterizing amicable and playful interactions of developing mice, and critical parameters that must be considered when planning, e.g., sample size and timing of observations, are discussed in detail.
Functional integrity of the habenula is necessary for social play behaviour in rats
An important role for the habenula is indicated in the processing of positive and negative social information in adolescent rats, which might be related to the social impairments in childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders such as autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and early‐onset schizophrenia.
In search of the neurobiological substrates for social playfulness in mammalian brains
Towards an expanded neuroscientific understanding of social play
Play, variation in play and the development of socially competent rats
A review of what is known and the inclusion of some novel data suggest that irrespective of the form of the play, rats of all strains converge on the same key experiences, experiences that have been implicated in the development of social skills.
Play, ADHD, and the Construction of the Social Brain: Should the First Class Each Day Be Recess?.
Because of the role of play in the epigenetic construction of social brain functions, the young of all mammalian species need su…cient play. For the same reason, the nature of that play becomes an
The neurobiology of social play and its rewarding value in rats


The Ontogeny of Play within a Society: Preliminary Analysis
Data were collected on play behaviors occuring within a single troop or rhesus monkeys in two environments. Observations were regular and covered a total of almost 2 years. The three categories of
Toward a general psychobiological theory of emotions
  • J. Panksepp
  • Psychology, Biology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1982
The possibility that emotions are elaborated by transhypothalamic executive circuits that concurrently activate related behavior patterns is assessed and the manner in which learning and psychiatric disorders may arise from activities of such circuits is discussed.
Does play matter? Functional and evolutionary aspects of animal and human play
Abstract In this paper I suggest that play is a distinctive behavioural category whose adaptive significance calls for explanation. Play primarily affords juveniles practice toward the exercise of
Opiates and play dominance in juvenile rats.
Social play between pairs of individually housed juvenile rats was studied by measuring pinning frequencies occurring during rough-and-tumble play, and results are consistent with the proposition that brain opioids are important in controlling the vigor of social relations.
Social deprivation and play in rats.
The ontogeny of play in rats.
  • J. Panksepp
  • Psychology, Biology
    Developmental psychobiology
  • 1981
The data indicate that social play can be efficiently studied in the laboratory rat and, further, that one function of play may be to establish stable social relationships.
Brief periods of socialization and later behavior in the rat.
It is concluded that normal development in the rat may depend upon the flexibility of behavior encouraged by the early social situation, and that animals totally deprived of social experience were slower to habituate than animals living in small social groups.