The proximate cue of density-dependent soldier production in a social aphid.

Abstract

Tuberaphis styraci is a social aphid that produces 2nd instar soldiers with morphological, behavioral and reproductive division. High aphid density was shown to induce soldier production in T. styraci, although direct cue of soldier induction associated with high density has been unknown. In order to identify the proximate environmental cue underlying the… (More)

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