The age-related accumulation of dolichol in rat liver may correlate with expectation of life
Restricting caloric intake (CR) well below that of ad libitum (AL) fed animals retards and/or delays many characteristics of ageing and the occurrence and progression of age-associated diseases, efficacy depending on duration. The hypothesis that the anti-ageing effect of CR might involve stimulation of the cell-repair mechanism autophagy was tested. The effects of ageing and duration of anti-ageing CR on liver autophagic proteolysis (AP) were explored in male AL Sprague-Dawley rats aged 2-, 6-, 12- and 24-months; and 24-month-old rats on a CR diet initiated at 2-, 6- and 12-month of age or initiated at age 2-months and interrupted at age 18 months. The age-related changes in the regulation of AP were studied by monitoring the rate of valine release in the incubation medium from isolated liver cells by an HPLC procedure. Results show that the maximum attainable rate and the regulation of AP decline with increasing age; that changes are prevented by anti-ageing CR initiated at young age, that the protective effects of CR change with the duration of diet. It is concluded that the data are compatible with the hypothesis that AP and improved membrane maintenance might be involved in the antiageing mechanism of CR.