The prospective natural history of cerebral venous malformations.

  title={The prospective natural history of cerebral venous malformations.},
  author={Maribeth McLaughlin and Douglas Kondziolka and John C. Flickinger and Shayna L Lunsford and L. Dade Lunsford},
  volume={43 2},
  pages={195-200; discussion 200-1}
OBJECTIVE A 10-year prospective clinical and magnetic resonance imaging study was undertaken to determine the natural history of venous malformations. We assessed the hemorrhage rate and morbidity associated with venous malformations of the brain. PATIENTS AND METHODS From 1986 to 1996, 80 patients with venous malformations were referred to the University of Pittsburgh multidisciplinary vascular malformation study group for evaluation. Observation was recommended for all patients. Follow-up… CONTINUE READING