The proportionality of global warming to cumulative carbon emissions

@article{Matthews2009ThePO,
  title={The proportionality of global warming to cumulative carbon emissions},
  author={H. Damon Matthews and Nathan P. Gillett and Peter A. Stott and Kirsten Zickfeld},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2009},
  volume={459},
  pages={829-832}
}
The global temperature response to increasing atmospheric CO2 is often quantified by metrics such as equilibrium climate sensitivity and transient climate response. These approaches, however, do not account for carbon cycle feedbacks and therefore do not fully represent the net response of the Earth system to anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Climate–carbon modelling experiments have shown that: (1) the warming per unit CO2 emitted does not depend on the background CO2 concentration; (2) the total… 
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