The proportionality equation: balancing military objectives with civilian lives in the armed conflict in Afghanistan

  title={The proportionality equation: balancing military objectives with civilian lives in the armed conflict in Afghanistan},
  author={Rebecca Barber},
  journal={Journal of Conflict and Security Law},
  • R. Barber
  • Published 1 December 2010
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Conflict and Security Law
It is a long-established principle of 'just war' theory that military commanders must risk the lives of soldiers before they kill civilians. Recent airstrikes in Afghanistan, called in by US commanders for the purpose of protecting Afghan or coalition forces, and often involving the use of 'area-effect weapons' that do not distinguish between civilians and combatants and result in large numbers of civilian casualties, seem to turn this basic principle on its head. This article considers the… 

Saving Soldiers or Civilians?: Casualty-Aversion versus Civilian Protection in Asymmetric Conflicts

Concerns for the lives of soldiers and innocent civilians have come to underpin Western, and particularly American, warfare. Yet this new mode of conflict faces a dilemma: these two norms have opened

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ABSTRACT Debates on military intervention and small wars often include the claim that soldiers should operate among civilians in order to avoid civilian casualties and to protect civilians against

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How does partisan identification shape the attitudes of US military officers toward the protection of civilians in war? Drawing on unique cross-cohort surveys of soon-to-be commissioned officers in

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This chapter explores the impact of U.S.-led kill-or-capture missions, or night raids, on the civilian population in Afghanistan. The first section examines how the criteria used by the U.S. military

The Abuse of Ambiguity: The Uncertain Status of Omar Khadr under International Law

  • Ryan Liss
  • Political Science, Law
    Canadian Yearbook of international Law/Annuaire canadien de droit international
  • 2013
Summary This article addresses the unresolved question of the international legal status, and resulting rights, of Omar Khadr — a Canadian national detained by the United States on the battlefield in

Autonomous Weapons in Humanitarian Law: Understanding the Technology, Its Compliance with the Principle of Proportionality and the Role of Utilitarianism

  • E. Winter
  • Political Science
    Groningen Journal of International Law
  • 2018
Autonomous machines are moving rapidly from science fiction to science fact. The defining feature of this technology is that it can operate independently of human control. Consequently, society must

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In light of contemporary asymmetric conflicts, the concept that combatants necessarily distinguish themselves from the civilian population is obsolete. International law and normative consensus,

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Abstract During an armed conflict, the use of explosive weapons with wide area effects in populated areas has a devastating impact on civilians. Less visible than the direct effects of explosive

Recent acquisitions of the Library & Research Service, ICRC

  • Political Science
    International Review of the Red Cross
  • 2011
Bugnion, François. Gustave Moynier: 1826–1910, Genf: Henry Dunant Gesellschaft, Deutsches Rotes Kreuz, and Humanitäres Genf, 2011, 95 pp. Bugnion, François. Gustave Moynier: 1826–1910, Geneva: Henry