The proof and measurement of association between two things.

  title={The proof and measurement of association between two things.},
  author={C. Spearman},
  journal={International journal of epidemiology},
  volume={39 5},
  • C. Spearman
  • Published 1 September 2015
  • Education
  • International journal of epidemiology
All knowledge—beyond that of bare isolated occurrence—deals with uniformities. Of the latter, some few have a claim to be considered absolute, such as mathematical implications and mechanical laws. But the vast majority are only partial; medicine does not teach that smallpox is inevitably escaped by vaccination, but that it is so generally; biology has not shown that all animals require organic food, but that nearly all do so; in daily life, a dark sky is no proof that it will rain, but merely… 
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From this relatively short maiden article of 1904, the authors have the beginnings of rank correlation, of assessing test reliability and of correcting for attenuation, not a bad start for a partially self-taught student with no academic qualifications apart from ‘ passed Staff College’.
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