The promise of DNA barcoding for taxonomy.

@article{Hebert2005ThePO,
  title={The promise of DNA barcoding for taxonomy.},
  author={P. Hebert and T. Gregory},
  journal={Systematic biology},
  year={2005},
  volume={54 5},
  pages={
          852-9
        }
}
DNA barcoding is a novel system designed to provide rapid, accurate, and automatable species identifications by using short, standardized gene regions as internal species tags. As a consequence, it will make the Linnaean taxonomic system more accessible, with benefits to ecologists, conservationists, and the diversity of agencies charged with the control of pests, invasive species, and food safety. More broadly, DNA barcoding allows a day to be envisioned when every curious mind, from… Expand

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References

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DNA barcoding is no substitute for taxonomy
TLDR
DNA barcoding may seem progressive to those who use the word 'dusty' whenever the subject of taxonomy arises, but the work of taxonomists provides knowledge of the organism, not a few possibly unique nucleotides. Expand
Identification of Birds through DNA Barcodes
TLDR
The finding of large COI sequence differences between, as compared to small differences within, species confirms the effectiveness of COI barcodes for the identification of bird species, and implies that a standard screening threshold of sequence difference could speed the discovery of new animal species. Expand
Biological identifications through DNA barcodes
TLDR
It is established that the mitochondrial gene cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) can serve as the core of a global bioidentification system for animals and will provide a reliable, cost–effective and accessible solution to the current problem of species identification. Expand
Wedding biodiversity inventory of a large and complex Lepidoptera fauna with DNA barcoding
TLDR
The early stages of the use of cox1 barcoding to supplement and strengthen the taxonomic platform underpinning the inventory of thousands of sympatric species of caterpillars in tropical dry forest, cloud forest and rain forest in northwestern Costa Rica are described. Expand
Use of DNA barcodes to identify flowering plants.
TLDR
Comparison of the total plastid genomes of tobacco and deadly nightshade enhanced with trials on widely divergent angiosperm taxa suggest that the sequences in this pair of loci have the potential to discriminate among the largest number of plant species for barcoding purposes. Expand
DNA barcoding for effective biodiversity assessment of a hyperdiverse arthropod group: the ants of Madagascar
TLDR
It is demonstrated how DNA barcoding helps address the failure of current inventory methods to rapidly respond to pressing biodiversity needs, specifically in the assessment of richness and turnover across landscapes with hyperdiverse taxa. Expand
DNA barcoding of parasites and invertebrate disease vectors: what you don't know can hurt you.
TLDR
DNA barcoding is distinct from the science of circumscribing species and resolving their evolutionary relationships, but it can serve as a powerful scaffold both to motivate and guide these efforts. Expand
Biological identifications of mayflies (Ephemeroptera) using DNA barcodes
TLDR
It is concluded that DNA barcoding can provide a powerful tool for mayfly species identification and should be considered as a priority for further research. Expand
Biological identification of springtails (Hexapoda: Collembola) from the Canadian Arctic, using mitochondrial DNA barcodes
TLDR
It is concluded that DNA barcoding is a powerful tool for identifying species of Collembola and should regularly be useful as a complement to traditional, morphological taxonomy. Expand
Identifying spiders through DNA barcodes
TLDR
This study demonstrates that sequence diversity in a standard segment of the mitochondrial gene coding for cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) is highly effective in discriminating spider species and establishes the potential of COI as a rapid and accurate identification tool for biodiversity surveys of spiders. Expand
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