The promise and challenges of microalgal‐derived biofuels

  title={The promise and challenges of microalgal‐derived biofuels},
  author={Philip T. Pienkos and Al Darzins},
Microalgae offer great promise to contribute a significant portion of the renewable fuels that will be required by the Renewable Fuels Standard described in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act of the United States. Algal biofuels would be based mainly on the high lipid content of the algal cell and thus would be an ideal feedstock for high energy density transportation fuels, such as biodiesel as well as green diesel, green jet fuel and green gasoline. A comprehensive research and… 
Biofuel formation from microalgae: A renewable energy source for eco-sustainability
In the current scenario, biofuel production from microalgae is beneficial to sustainability. Recently, one of the most pressing concerns has been finding cost-effective and environmentally friendly
Algae’s Potential as a Transportation Biofuel
Congress continues to debate the federal role in biofuel research, biofuel tax incentives, and renewable fuel mandates. The debate touches on topics such as fuel imports and security, job creation,
Biofuel production from algae utilizing wastewater
The growing concern surrounding the continued use of fossil fuels and rapid depletion of fossil fuel reserves, global climate change, rising crude oil price and environmental de gradation have forced
Recent Advances in Algal Biomass Production
The promise of algae to address the renewable energy and green-product production demands of the globe has yet to be realized. Over the past ten years, however, there has been a substantial
Integration of microalgae cultivation with industrial waste remediation for biofuel and bioenergy production: opportunities and limitations
There is currently a renewed interest in developing microalgae as a source of renewable energy and fuel. Microalgae hold great potential as a source of biomass for the production of energy and
Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States
Biofuels made from algae are gaining attention as a domestic source of renewable fuel. However, with current technologies, scaling up production of algal biofuels to meet even 5 percent of U.S.
Algae as a Potential Source of Biokerosene and Diesel – Opportunities and Challenges
In times of dwindling petroleum reserves, microalgae may pose an alternate energy resource. Their growth is vast under favorable conditions. However, producing microalgae for energy in an


Biodiesel from microalgae.
  • Y. Chisti
  • Environmental Science, Engineering
    Biotechnology advances
  • 2007
Microalgal triacylglycerols as feedstocks for biofuel production: perspectives and advances.
A brief summary of the current knowledge on oleaginous algae and their fatty acid and TAG biosynthesis, algal model systems and genomic approaches to a better understanding of TAG production, and a historical perspective and path forward for microalgae-based biofuel research and commercialization are provided.
Microalgal mass culture systems and methods: Their limitation and potential
  • Yuan-Kun Lee
  • Engineering, Biology
    Journal of Applied Phycology
  • 2004
F Futuredesign of sterilizable bioreactors for mixotrophic cultivation of microalgaemay have to consider the organic substrate the main source of energy and light the supplemental sources of energy, a change in mindset.
Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae
  • O. PulzW. Gross
  • Engineering, Biology
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • 2004
The biotechnology of microalgae has gained considerable importance in recent decades and this group of organisms represents one of the most promising sources for new products and applications.
Milking of microalgae.
Design and operation of an outdoor microalgae test facility
The objective of the project covered in this report is to establish and operate a facility in the American Southwest to test the concept of producing microalgae on a large scale. This microalgae
Look Back at the U.S. Department of Energy's Aquatic Species Program: Biodiesel from Algae; Close-Out Report
The Aquatic Species Program was a relatively small research effort intended to look at the use of aquatic plants as sources of energy. Its history dates back to 1978, but much of the research from
Transesterification of vegetable oils: a review
The transesterification of vegetable oils with methanol as well as the main uses of the fatty acid methyl esters are reviewed. The general aspects of this process and the applicability of different