The process of problem-based learning: what works and why.

  title={The process of problem-based learning: what works and why.},
  author={Henk G. Schmidt and Jerome I Rotgans and Elaine Hau Jin Yew},
  journal={Medical education},
  volume={45 8},
OBJECTIVES In this review, we portray the process of problem-based learning (PBL) as a cognitive endeavour whereby the learner constructs mental models relevant to problems. Two hypotheses are proposed to explain how learning is driven in PBL; an activation-elaboration hypothesis and a situational interest hypothesis. METHODS Research relevant to these hypotheses is discussed. In addition, research studying the effects of various support strategies used in PBL is reviewed. Finally, we… CONTINUE READING
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